Athyma whitei whitei  (Tytler, 1940)

Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Un.
♂, 2004.03.--. Chiang Rai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano) ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

ON : Pantoporia zeroca whitei Tytler, 1940
OD : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:117.
TL : Chin Hills. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam,
Guangxi, Hainan.
Athyma whitei whitei map

Synonym

Athyma zhangi Gu et Wang, 1997 : in Gu & Chen, Butterflies in Hainan Island :193, fig.199,♂,♂(Un). TL. Jianfengling, Hainan. (♂)


Type Material Information

whitei : ♂, Type (HT/red), #1035583, Sep.1925. Fort White, Chin Hills. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Athyma whitei ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchabun; Sa Kaeo; Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2020.09.24)
Athyma whitei whitei ; Saito & Inayoshi,2022b : 25, figs.17,♂,17v♂(Un),18,♀,18v♀(Un). (Chiang Rai; Phetchabun; Sa Kaeo)

[ VIETNAM ]
Athyma whitei ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N / C)
Athyma whitei ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):30-31, pl.37, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un). (N: Van Ban / C: Bach Ma; Kon Chu Rang; Bao Loc; Chu Yang Sin; Cat Loc)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Rai : 2004.03.--. 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations (Alt.500m - 1100m) and is often found sympatrically with Athyma zeroca, cama and selenophora.
The species was recently confirmed by DNA analysis to be separate from zeroca, selenophora and cama. (D.Lohman, pers. comm.)
The record from 'Chiang Rai' seems somewhat doubtful. Hitherto, the reliable records of this species in Thailand are found only from central to S.E.Thailand, with the exception of this specimen, which has not been found in northern Thailand. I cannot say for sure but the female specimens shown above are most likely to be this species. Furthermore, the relationship with Athyma yui is still unclear. Further taxonomic study and distributional research are needed.

The difference between whitei and allied species. (♂)
Athyma whitei Un. Athyma whitei Un. Athyma minensis Un. Athyma yui Un. Athyma selenophora Un. Athyma zeroca Un.
whitei (Un) N.Thailand. whitei (Un) S.Vietnam. whitei minensis (Un) China. yui (Un) N.Thailand. selenophora (Un) Laos. zeroca (Un) N.Thailand.

Athyma minensis and Athyma zhangi were described from Fujian and Hainan. These two taxa also have the same features as whitei. Therefore it will be included in this species and zhangi seems to be a synonym of whitei.


Literature

Tytler, H.,1940 : Notes on Some New and Interesting Butterflies chiefly from Burma. Part.2.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:109-123.

Yoshino, K.,1997 : New Butterflies from China 2.
Neo Lepidoptera 1(2):1-8.66 figs.

Gu, M.B. & Chen, P.Z.,1997 : Butterflies in Hainan Island.
China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. 355 pp.

Saito, K.,2006 : Notes on Athyma minensis Yoshino,1997
Yadoriga 208:28-32. (in Japanese)


Athyma whitei ♂ Athyma whitei ♀
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)
Athyma whitei ♂ Athyma whitei ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Athyma whitei ♂ Athyma whitei ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

2010.03.15 - 2023.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.