Danaus melanippus hegesippus  (Cramer, 1777)

Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Up. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Un. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀ Up. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀ Un.
♂, Satun, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Up. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Un. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀ Up. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Up. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Un. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Up. Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Un.
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.), Thailand. ♂, Nong Khai, Thailand.

ON : Papilio hegesippus Cramer, 1777
OD : Uitl. Kapellen. 2(9-16):128, pl.180, fig.A.
TL : Sumatra.
Distribution : Bengal to Myanmar, Andamans, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Tioman,
Aur, Singapore, Sumatra, Banka, Belitung.
Danaus melanippus hegesippus map

Synonym

Salatura melanippus indicus Fruhstorfer, 1899 : Berl. ent. Z. 44(1-2):75. TL. Lower-Burma.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Danaida melanippus hegesippus ; Godfrey,1930 : 234. (Muak Lek; Chonburi: Sriracha; Bangkok)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Pinratana,1977 : 68, figs.D3,♂,♂(Un). (except N)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 56,71, pl.71, figs.3,♂,♀. (Bangkok; Chanthaburi; Trang)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 19, fig.48,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 47. (Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 184, pl.64, figs.D3,♀,♀(Un). (Trat; Krabi)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2022.10.30)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 184, pl.64, figs.N3,♀,♀(Un). (Trat; Krabi)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Sa Kaeo; Samut Prakan; Trat; Yala) (accessed: 2022.10.30)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 26, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Khiewo; Pliewn WF; Bang Phu)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 26, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Satun)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 227-228, figs.Abb.Da-083-090,171-185. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Anosia melanippus hegesippus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 52. not fig. (Vientiane: Dan Sum)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 204, pl.42, fig.♂. (Thabok)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 43.
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Onodera,2022 : pl.78, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),text:22. (Bolikhamxai)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Anosia melanippus ; Onodera,2008 : 59, figs.♀,♀(Un).
Anosia melanippus ; Onodera,2009 : 38. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Danais indicus ; Lemee,1950 : 64. (Saigon)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Metaye,1957 : 100. (N / C / S)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Metaye,1958a : 153, pl.1, fig.3. (Lam Dong: Blao; Ho Chi Minh: Saigon)
Salatura melanippus indicus ; Morishita,1970 : 64, figs.3,♂♀. (Ba Diem; Thu Duc; Dinh Quan; Trang Bom; Lai Thieu)
Danaus melanippus ; Vu,2003 : 56. (Phu Quoc)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 15, fig.D-3,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 37, fig.D-3,♀[♂]. (Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Nihira,2009 : 98, fig.♂. (Phu Quoc)
Danaus melanippus indicus ; Monastyrskii,2011 : 30-31, pl.1, figs.3a♀,3b♂. (C: Bao Loc / S: Cat Tien; Binh Chau; Lo Go Sa Mat; Saigon; Phu Quoc)
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 18. (C: Lam Dong / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nongkhai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 3♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 7♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in secondary and montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt. 10 - 1000m). Both sexes visit flowers.
Some authors treat the continental population as ssp.indicus, however, it appears to be within the range of variation of ssp.hegesippus, as treated by Morishita,1981.


Literature

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Fruhstorfer, H.,1899 : Uebersicht der Indo-Australischen Danaiden und Beschreibung never Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 44(1-2):64-87, pl.2, 15 figs.

Morishita, K. & Yata, O.,1981 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands vol.2. Pieridae and Danaida.
628 pp, 162 col.pls. Plapac co. Ltd. (in Japanese)


Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♂ Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀ Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀
♀, Yala, Thailand.
Danaus melanippus hegesippus ♀
♀, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.), Thailand.

1998.11.15 - 2022.12.26.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.