Penthema darlisa melema  Riley & Godfrey,1921

Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Un.
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un.
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phrae, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un.
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♀ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. ♀, Phong Saly, Laos.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Un.
♂, Mukdaharn, Thailand. ♂, 1988.01.--. [Ranong], Thailand.

ON : Penthema darlisa melema Riley & Godfrey,1921
OD : J. Siam Soc. nat. Hist. 4(3):175, pl.5, fig.1♂.
TL : Upper Me Lem, Prae, Siam. (NHML)
Distribution : Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

Synonym

Penthema binghami godfreyi Riley,1932 : J. Siam Soc. nat. Hist. Suppl. 8:250. TL. N.Siam. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

melema :
Holotype ♂, R.I.Vane-Wright,1970, Rh122. Upper Me Lem, Prae, Siam. E.J.Godfrey. (NHML. examined.)
Allotype ♀, Maymyo, N.Shan States. 1924.Apr.24. (NHML. examined.)
Paratypes :
1♂, Me Tharm, Prae Dist. N.Thailand. 1918.Apr. E.J.Godfrey. (NHML. examined.)
1♀ Upper Me Lem, Prae. N.Thailand. 1918.Apr. E.J.Godfrey. (NHML. examined.)
godfreyi :
Holotype ♂, Upper Melem, Prae Dist.,N.Siam. 1918.Apr. E.J.Godfrey. (NHML. examined.)
Paratypes :
1♂, Meetam, Prae, N.Siam. 1918.Apr. E.J.Godfrey. (NHML. examined.)
1♂, Me Song, Prae, N.Siam. 1916.Apr.25. (NHML. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Penthema darlisa melema ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Godfrey,1930 : 266-267. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Penthema binghami mimetica ; Godfrey,1930 : 266. (Prae: Me Song forest) (in part)
Penthema binghami godfreyi ; Godfrey,1932b : 323. (Upper Me Lem / Prae: Me Song forest)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Pinratana,1979 : 6, fig.N8a,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Tak / [Trang])
Penthema darlisa melema ; Pinratana,1988 : 19, pl.21, fig.44a,♂. (Chiang Mai / Kanchanaburi / Tak)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 261-262, pl.102, fig.S50a,♂(Phrae). (Phrae / Chiang Dao) (in part)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 261-262, pl.103, fig.S50c,♂(bottom left),♂(ab.). (Phayao / Phrae) (in part)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 260, pl.102, fig.N85a,♂,♂(Un). (Phayao)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 260, pl.102, fig.N85b,♂(Phrae). (Mae Rim / Phrae) (in part)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Penthema darlisa melema ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai / Phetchabun)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 160, fig.♂,♂(Un)(Say Yok Noi),♂,♂(Un)(Thung Saleng Luang),♀,♀(Un)(Doi Suthep). (Doi Suthep / Ban Salok / Thung Saleng Luang / Doi Musso / Sai Yok Noi) (in part)

[ LAOS ]
Penthema darlisa f.annamitica ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 35. (Laos)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 65, pl.89, figs.1♂,2♂(Un),3♀[♂],4♀[♂](Un). (Vang Vieng)
Penthema binghami ssp. ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 65, col.pl.14 ; pl.89, figs.5♂,6♂(Un). (Luang Prabang)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.89, figs.♂,♂,♂,♂,♂,♂. (Lak Sao / Nhahin / Vang Vieng / Thabok)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Uémura,2003 : 3, fig.16 map. (Xam Neua)
Penthema darlisa mimetica f.mimetica ; Uémura,2003 : 3.
Penthema darlisa mimetica f.melema ; Uémura,2003 : 3.
Penthema darlisa mimetica f.godfreyi ; Uémura,2003 : 3.
Penthema darlisa melema ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ VIETNAM ]
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Hao et al.,2004 : 4, 45, figs.♂[♀],♂[♀](Un), 46, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Penthema darlisa ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 57, fig.5:6♂,7♂(Un),8♀,9♀, fig.9:24(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 42-43, pl.9, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un),1c♂. (N: Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En ; Pu Mat ; Vu Quang)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
< f.darlisa >
Chiang Rai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 10♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

[ Ranong : 1988.01.--. 1♂ P.Sukkit (PS) ]

< f.binghami >
Phrae : 9♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Mukdaharn : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
There is a single specimen from Ranong in Sukkit collection. but I suppose it may be incorrect data. Therefore I treat it as an informal record until reconfirmed.
Some examples of Central Thailand (Chaiyaphum to Phetchabun) seem to be intermediate between ssp.melema and ssp.mimetica.

Literature

Riley N.D. & E.J. Godfrey,1921 : Some undescribed Rhopalocera from Siam.
J. Siam Soc. nat. Hist. 4(3):167-190, 4pls.

Riley N.D.,1932 : Descriptions of New Siamese Rhopalocera.
J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam. Suppl. 8(4):249-254, 1pl.

Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Penthema darlisa melema ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa melema ♂ Penthema darlisa melema ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Lampang, Thailand.

1998.12.28 - 2019.02.28.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.