Elymnias hypermnestra violetta  Fruhstorfer,1902

Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Un. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Un.
♂, Chaiyaphum, Thailand. ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Un. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by H.Onodera)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Un. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Un.
♂, Chonburi, Thailand. ♀, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by H.Onodera)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Un. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Un. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Un.
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. ♀, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Un. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Up. Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. ♀, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand.

ON : Elymnias undularis violetta Fruhstorfer,1902
OD : Soc. ent. 16(22):169.
TL : Muok-Lek, Siam. (NHML)
Distribution : C. to S.E.Thailand & P.Thailand (Phetchaburi - Pracuap Khirikhan), C. to S.Laos.

Synonyms

Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂forma.epixantha Fruhstorfer,1907 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 20(3):178. TL. Bangkok.
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀f.obfuscata Riley,1932 : J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam. Suppl. 8(4):249. TL. Siam. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

violetta ; 1♂ 1♀, Type (red), Muoklek, Januar. H.Fruhstorfer. (NHML. examined.)
obfuscata ; ♀, Type HT (red), Sriracha, Siam. 1931.May. (NHML. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Fruhstorfer,1911 : 375. (Muak Lek / Bangkok / Angkor)
Elymnias hypermnestra undularis ; Godfrey,1916 : 122.
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta f.violetta ; Godfrey,1930 : 255.
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta f.epixantha ; Godfrey,1930 : 255. (Chonburi: Sriracha) (in part)
Elymnias hypermnestra meridionalis ; Godfrey,1930 : 255-256. (Chonburi: Nong Yai Boo)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀f.obfuscata ; Godfrey,1932b : 323. (Chonburi: Sriracha)
Elymnias hypermnestra beatrice ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 72. (Chanthaburi: Khao Sabap)
Elymnias hypermnestra beatrice ; Reeves,1966 : 14. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Reeves,1966 : 14. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Elymnias hypermnestra beatrice ; Reeves,1967a : 123. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Elymnias hypermnestra meridionalis  ; Pinratana,1988 : 8, pl.3, fig.4c,♂,♀ ; pl.4, fig.4c,♀,♀. (Chaiyaphum) (in part)
Elymnias hypermnestra discrepans ; Pinratana,1988 : 8. not fig. (Nakhon Ratchasima / Chaiyaphum)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 253, fig.69♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 21. (Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing ; Nam Tok Tad Ton ; Nam Tok Kham Cha I ; Ban Lao Kram ; Ban Na Lak / Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 48. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu / Ubon Ratchathani: Waring Chamrap)
Elymnias hypermnestra meridionalis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 228, pl.86, fig.S4c,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂,♀,♀. (Phu Khieo)
Elymnias hypermnestra discrepans ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 228, pl.86, fig.S4d,♀,♀(Un). (Wang Nam Khieo)
Elymnias hypermnestra tinctoria ; pl.84, fig.40a,♀(Trat),♀(Un,Trat). (in part)
Elymnias hypermnestra meridionalis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 226, pl.85, fig.N40c,♂,♂(Un),♂,♀,♀,♀,♀(Un). (Wang Nam Khieo / Phu Khieo)
Elymnias hypermnestra meridionalis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig.♀(UN),♂(Un),♂(Un). (Prachuap Khiri Khan / Saraburi)
Elymnias hypermnestra meridionalis ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 162, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo / Saraburi / Kao Yai / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kao Khiewo / Kao Chamao)
Elymnias hypermnestra tinctoria ; Wei et al.,2017 ; 97, fig.7, E,♀. (Chanthaburi)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Wei et al.,2017 ; 97, fig.7, F,♀,Holotype of f.obfuscata. (Sri Racha)

[ LAOS ]
Elymnias migrescens (sic) f.tonkiniana ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 31. (Vientiane)
Elymnias hypermnestra tonkiniana ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 63, not fig. (List up only.)
Elymnias hypermnestra tonkiniana ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, not fig. (List up only.)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.88, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀,♀. (Vang Vieng / Nhahin / Boung Kuang / Vientiane)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Uémura,2003 : 2, fig.6,map. (Saravan)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Namdhua / Thakhek)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Uémura,2006 : 2, fig.4,map. (Muang Kham / Phong Si / Vieng Thong / Nha Hin / Nha Hin Pass)
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ; Uémura,2011 : 1. (C: Tha Ngone ; near Nahin / S: near Phatao - Namho)
Elymnias hypermnestra tonkiniana ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 48.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Phetchabun : 3♂ 2♀ (incl.photo) ; Phetchabun dist ; Khao Kho dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ ; Nakhon Nayok dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♂ ; Si Racha dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ ; Soi Dao dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 3♂ 3♀ (incl.photo) ; Koh Kut dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 3♂ 1♀ ; Nong Ya Plong dist ; Kaeng Krachan dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pracuap Khirikhan : 1♀ ; Hua Hin dist.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 2♀ (photo by H.Onodera) ; Phon Si.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
I followed Wei et.al.,2017 and treat the population of this area as ssp.violetta. The female is quite variable. It seems intermediate between surrounding ssp.tinctoria, ssp.meridionaris (red female) and ssp.hainana (blue female). The classification and relationship of these subspecies should be restudied in future.

Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Elymnias undularis meridionalis nov. subspec. Elymnias undularis violetta nov. subspec.
Soc. ent. 16(22):169.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1907 : Monographie der Elymniinae.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 20(3):157-252.

Riley, N.D.,1932 : Descriptions of New Siamese Rhopalocera.
J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam. Suppl. 8(4):249-254, 1 pl.

Wei, C-H., D.Lohman, D.Peggie & S-H.Yen.,2017 : An illustrated checklist of the genus Elymnias Hubner,1818 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae).
Zookeys 676:47-152.

Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♂ Elymnias hypermnestra violetta ♀
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.

2018.09.30.