Melanitis phedima ganapati  Fruhstorfer, 1908

Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Up. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Un. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♀ Up. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.
Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Up. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Un. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♀ Up. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.
Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Up. Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Melanitis phedima ganapati Fruhstorfer, 1908
OD : Ent. Zeit. 22(20):80.
TL : Tonkin ; Annam ; Tenasserim. (#9794;♀)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

● ssp.ganapati
ssp.abdullae
Melanitis phedima ganapati map

Synonym

Melanitis phedima ganapati f.aswina Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(20):80, fig. TL. Tonkin ; Annam ; Tenasserim.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Godfrey,1927 : 122. (N)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Godfrey,1930 : 254. (Prae: Me Song forest; Kambengpet)
Melanitis phedima aswina ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 71-72. (Koon Tarn)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Pinratana,1988 : 6, pl.1, figs.2a♀(dsf),♂(wsf.Un). (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi; Rayong)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 21, fig.56,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak; Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Hin Dang)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 67, fig.108,♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai; Umphang)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 222, pl.83, figs.S2a♂(wsf),♂(wsf.Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un), pl.84,[ fig.S3a, ♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un)]. (Chanthaburi)
Melanitis zitenius zitenius ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.84, figs.S3a ♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un). (in part)
Melanitis zitenius auletes ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.84, figs.S3b ♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un). (in part)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 222, pl.83, figs.N38a♂(wsf),♂(wsf.Un),♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un). (Chanthaburi)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 157, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Par Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Maethro; Khun Lao Villege; Phu Khiewo; Kao Yai; Nakohn Nayok; Wang Keo; Pliewn WF; Kratching WF; Kao Saverb; Kao Soi Dao; Kaper WF)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2019- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2022.01.01)

[ LAOS ]
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 63, pl.80, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng; Nam Khane; Tha Ngone)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.85, figs.♂(Un),♂(dsf,Un),♂,♀,♂,♀(dsf). (Thakhek; Nam Dhua; Nong Het; Lak Sao; Boung Kuang; Luang Phrabang)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Uémura,2003 : 1, fig.3,map.
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Namdhua; Thakhek; Laksao)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Uémura,2006 : 1, fig.2,map. (Ban Saleui)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2008b : 54,56, figs.12,♀,♀(Un). (Attapeu: Attapeu; Ban Sansai; Katamtok; Champasak: Tad Yuang)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Uémura,2011 : 1. (C: Phon Si)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 47.

[ VIETNAM ]
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Fruhstorfer,1911 : 363. (Tonkin / Annam)
Melanitis phedima ganapati f.aswina ; Fruhstorfer,1911 : 363. (Tonkin: Than Moi; Chiem Hoa)
Melanitis ganapati ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 224. (Tonkin)
Melanitis aswina ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 224. (Tonkin)
Melanitis phedima f.ganapati ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 31. (Annam / Tonkin)
Melanitis phedima f.aswina ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 31. (Annam / Tonkin)
Melanitis phedima ganapati f.hib.ganapati ; Metaye,1957 : 104. (N / C)
Melanitis phedima ganapati f.aest.aswina ; Metaye,1957 : 104. (N / C)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 53, figs.4:3,♂,4,♂(Un), fig.9:17(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Melanitis phedima ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Luong et al.,2004 : 3, 43, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 23, pl.1, figs.2a♂(wsf),2b♂(wsf.Un),2c♂(dsf),2d♀(dsf),2e♀(dsf.Un) (N: Muong Nhe; Na Hang; Tam Dao; Ba Be; Ba Vi; Cuc Phuong / C: Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Phong Nha; Kon Cha Rang; Ngoc Linh; Kon Ka Kinh / S: Cat Tien; La Nga; Nghia Trung)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 28, figs.S-2,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Melanitis phedima ganapati ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 20. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 4♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 5♂ 5♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phongsaly : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 6♂ 5♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to high elevations (alt.300m - 1800m).


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Monographische revision der Gattung Melanitis.
Ent. Zeit. 22(20):80.


Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂ Melanitis phedima ganapati ♂
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1998.12.04 - 2022.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.