Papilio demoleus demoleus   Linnaeus,1758

ON : Papilio demoleus  Linnaeus,1758
OD : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:464.
TL : "Asia" [India].
Distribution : Arabia to Sri Lanka, India to Myanmar, Vietnam,  
  Hainan, S.China, Taiwan, Philippines.  (? Thailand, Laos.)

Synonyms

Papilio erithonius  Cramer,[1779] : Uitl. Kapellen 3(17-21):67-68, pl.232, figs.A(♂),B(♂,Un).  TL. "China ; Coromandel"
Papilio epius  Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):35.  TL. China.
Papilio erithonius var.demoleinus  Oberthur,1879 : Etud. ent. 4:57-58.  TL. China.
Papilio demoleus libanius  Fruhstorfer,1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22:(35):141.  TL. Takau, Formosa.
* Papilio ab.jordani  Dufrane,1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:113.
* Papilio ab.obliterata  Dufrane,1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:112.
* Papilio ab.rubropunctata  Dufrane,1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:112.
* Papilio flavosignatus  Heydemann,1954 : Z. wien. ent. Ges. 39:388. TL. Afganistan.


Type Materials Information

epius ; 2♂, Type, det. R.I.Vane-Wright,1977. (ZMUC) ; ♀, Type, det. R.I.Vane-Wright,1977. (ZMUC)
demoleinus ;
♀, Syntype (blue) ; Type (red), #220293, Chine. (BMNH. examined.)
♀, Syntype (blue) ; Type (red), #220294. (BMNH. examined.)
libanius ;
♂, Type HT (red), #220268, Formosa Regenzeit. Fruhstorfer. (BMNH. examined.) ;
♀, Type AT (red), #220283, Formosa Regenzeit, Fruhstorfer. (BMNH. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio erithonius ; Joannis,1901 : 332. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio demoleus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 171-172. (Tonkin: Than-Moi; Chiem-Hoa)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 48. (Tonkin)
Papilio demoleus ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang / Hanoi)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Metaye,1957 : 81 (North / Central / South)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ab.♂demoleinus ; Metaye,1957 : 81 (North / Central / South)
Papilio demoleus ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 13, figs.3:13♀,14♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Shinkai,1999 : 51-52. (North: Tam Dao)
Papilio demoleus demoleus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 47-48, pl.11, figs.1a♂. (North)


Notes
Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Cramer, P.,[1779]-[1780] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 3(17-21):1-104, pl.193-252,(1779) ; (22):105-128, pl.253-264,([1780]) ; (23-24):129-176, pl.265-288,(1780).

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Oberthur, C.,1879 : Catalogue raisonne des Papilionidae de la collection de Ch. Oberthur a Rennes.
Etud. ent. 4:xviii + 19-117 pp, 6 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. X. Neue Rhopaloceren von Formosa.
Ent. Zeit. 22(35):140-141.

Smith, C.R. & R.I. Vane-Wright,2008 : Classification, nomenclature and identification of lime swallowtail butterflies :
a post-cladistic analysis. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Systematics and Biodiversity 6(2):175-203.

1996.10.02 - 2014.06.14.