Losaria neptunus neptunus  (Guerin-Meneville,1840)

Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Up. Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Un. Losaria neptunus neptunus ♀ Up. Losaria neptunus neptunus ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Up. Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Un. Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Up. Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Papilio neptunus Guerin-Meneville,1840
OD : Revue zool. (Soc. Cuv.) 3(2):43.
TL : "Cote Malaye" (♂♀, NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand (Nakhon Si Thammarat and Southward),
Langkawi, W.Malaysia.

● ssp.manasukkiti
ssp.neptunus
Losaria neptunus neptunus map

Synonym

Papilio thetys Guenee,1878 : Lep. Mus. Genev. : 10-11, pl.1, fig.5,♀. TL."Inde"


Type Materials Information

neptunus ; ♂, Type (red), #149290, Pulo Penang. (NHML, examined) ; ♀, Type (red), #149291, Pulo Penang. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio neptunus neptunus ; Godfrey,1930 : 208. (Songkhla: Ban Prakawp)
Papilio neptunus neptunus ; Godfrey,1932a : 263. (P)
Atrophaneura neptunus neptunus ; Pinratana,1977 : 17, not fig. (P)
Pachliopta neptunus neptunus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 16,40, not fig. (Trang; Yala)
Atrophaneura neptunus neptunus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 74, pl.8, figs.P19a,♂[♀],♀. ("Khao Phanom Bencha"; Trang; Thale Ban; Than To)
Losaria neptunus neptunus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 117, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ka Chong; Than To WF.)
Losaria neptunus neptunus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012: 74, pl.8, figs.P18a♂,♀. ("Khao Phanom Bencha"; Trang; Thale Ban; Than To)
Losaria neptunus neptunus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Si Thammarat; Narathiwat) (accessed: 2021.10.03)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nakhon Si Thammarat : 2♀ (incl.photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 1♀ (photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 5♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is not rare in montane primary forest at low elevations (alt. 150m - 450m), and it is often seen flying gently in the dark areas inside the forest.
Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 recorded ssp.neptunus from Khao Phanom Bencha, Krabi, however it is considered highly doubtful. Hitherto no one has seen any specimens from Krabi area. Of course, it might be distributed in this region, but we need to confirm which subspecies it is by reliable specimens, because there is a possibility that it is ssp. manasukkiti. Further distributional research is needed in the future.


Literature

Guerin-Meneville, F.E.,1840 : Lepidopteres nouveaux decouverts aux Indes-Orientales par M. Adolphe Delessert.
Revue Zool. (Soc. Cuv.) 3(2):43-44.

Guenee, M.A.,1878 : Notice sur divers Lepidopteres du Musee de Geneve. I. Notes sur le genre Papilio.
Lep. Mus. Genev. : 1-13, 1 pl.


Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂ Losaria neptunus neptunus ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Losaria neptunus neptunus ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand.

1996.09.26 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.