Atrophaneura varuna astorion  (Westwood,1842)

Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Un. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Un.
♂, Khammouan, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀, Khammouan, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Un. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Un.
♂, Khammouan, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♀, Sekong, Laos.
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Un. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Un. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♀ Un.
♂, Khanh Hoa Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Un. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Up. Atrophaneura varuna astorion ♂ Un.
♂, Khammouan, Laos. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Da Nang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio astorion Westwood,1842
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1)9:37.
TL : Sylhet. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Sikkim, Assam to Myanmar, C.to S.Laos, Vietnam.

● ssp.zaleucus
transition zone of varuna and zaleucus
ssp.astorion
ssp.varuna
Atrophaneura varuna astorion map

Synonym

Papilio chara Westwood,1842 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1)9:37. TL. Sylhet.


Type Material Information

astorion ; ♂, Type (red), Rh10828, Silhet. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ LAOS ]
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.3, fig.♂. (Lak Sao)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 324-325. (Koun Kham; Phou Pha Man; Lak Sao)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 29-31, figs.♀,♂,♂(Un). (E.Laos)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.
Atrophaneura varuna ; Suwa et al.,2019 : 5. (Nachan; Na Hin; Thana)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Atrophaneura varuna ; Onodera,2007 : 24, fig.1♂. (Rattanakiri: Ou Chum)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 29-31. (NE.Cambodia)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio astorion ; Joannis,1901 : 333-334. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio varuna astorion ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 170. (Tonkin: Mou-Son; Than-Moi / Annam: Phuc-Son)
Papilio varuna astorion ; Jordan,1909 : 30. (Tonkin)
Papilio varuna f.astorion ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 146. (Tonkin)
Papilio varuna f.astorion ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 8. (Tonkin)
Papilio varuna astorion ; Metaye,1957 : 81. (N)
Papilio varuna astorion ; Shinkai,1999 : 47-48. (S: Bao Lac)
Atrophaneura varuna ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 28, pl.3, figs.2a♂,2b♀. (N: Tam Dao / C: Bach Ma; Ba Na; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Chu Yang Sin; Col du Troun; Lam Dong; Bao Lam / S: Cat Tien)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 36, figs.Pa-34,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Gung Re; Madagui)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 29-31. (N.E, C & S.Vietnam)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 11. (N / C / S)
Atrophaneura varuna astorion ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 39. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sekong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Khanh Hoa : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Da Nang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at moderate elevations.
The populations in Indochina are morphologically indistinguishable from ssp.astorion in Assam. However, ssp.zaleucus is found from N.Myanmar to central Indochina, and the populations of Vietnam and Laos are isolated and far removed from Assam. Populations in C. to S.Vietnam are somewhat unstable, and occasionally individuals with inherited characteristics of ssp.zaleucus are found. Further taxonomic studies, including DNA analysis, are needed.

Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1842 : Insectorum novorum Centuria, auctore Decadis quartae, ex ordine Lepidopterorum et genere Papilionis, Synopsis.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1)9:36-39.

1996.09.26 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.