Troides aeacus aeacus  (Felder & Felder,1860)

Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Up. Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Un. Troides aeacus aeacus ♀ Up. Troides aeacus aeacus ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Up. Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Up. Troides aeacus aeacus ♀ Up. Troides aeacus aeacus ♀ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chonburi, Thailand.

ON : Ornithoptera aeacus Felder & Felder,1860
OD : Wien. Ent. Monats. 4(8):225.
TL : ? loc. [? India.] (♀, NHML)
Distribution : Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S.China.

● ssp.aeacus
ssp.malaiianus
Troides aeacus map

Synonyms

Ornithoptera rhadamanthus var.thomsonii Bates,1875 : in Thomsons, Straits of Mal. :546. TL. "Siam" [Cambodia].
Ornithoptera aeacus form praecox Fruhstorfer,1913 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(3):134-135. TL. Siam.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Troides aeacus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 167-169. (Siam)
Papilio aeacus aeacus ; Jordan,1909 : 25. (Siam)
Papilio aeacus aeacus ; Godfrey,1916 : 108. (Bangkok; Chonburi: Sriracha)
Papilio aeacus praecox ; Godfrey,1927 : 119. (N)
Papilio aeacus praecox ; Godfrey,1930 : 206. (excl. P)
Troides aeacus praecox ; Pinratana,1977 : 5, figs.P3a♂,♀.
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Pinratana,1977 : 5, not fig. (Mae Hong Son; Chiang Mai)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ohya,1983 : 296, pl.134, fig.4,♂(Un,Chiang Dao). (Thailand)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Haugum & Low,1985 : 333-334. (Bangkok; Sai-Yok; Bang Kao; Pataya; Khao Khieo; Ampermaung)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 11, pl.5, figs.3a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Phitsanulok; Ratchaburi; Kanchanaburi; Chanthaburi; Bangkok)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 251, fig.35,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Matsuka,2001 : 189. (N: Chiang Rai; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Chiang Mai; Wiang Ko Sai / C: Sukhothai; Doi Mussoe; Phu Khieo; Wan Nam Khiewo; Thung Yai; Erawan WF; Sai Yok; Kanchanaburi; Ratchaburi; Kaeng Krachan; Bangkok; Muaklek; Saraburi; Nakhon Nayok; Khao Khieo; Pattaya; Khao Soi Dao; Chanthaburi; Khao Sa Bap)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 15. (Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 45. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 62, pl.2, figs.P4a♂,♀(Un). (Pak Chong; Bangkok; Kanchanaburi)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 22-24. (Thailand)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 112, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Wiang Ko Sai; Charn Phui; Phu Khiewo; Saraburi; Muak Lek; Nakohn Nayok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kho Soi Dao [Khao Soi Dao]; Khao Sa Bap; Pliewn WF; Khao Khiewo; Bang Phura; Bangkok; Doi Musso; Erawan WF; Khao Phang WF; Thung Yai; Sai York Noi; Kuwai Yai; Kanchanaburi; Ratchaburi; Kaeng Krachan)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 62, pl.2, figs.P4a♂,♀(Un). (Pak Chong; Bangkok; Kanchanaburi)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi; Sa Kaeo; Ratchaburi) (accessed: 2021.06.06)

[ LAOS ]
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ohya,1983 : 296. (Laos)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Haugum & Low,1985 : 334. (Vientianne)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 45, col.pl.11,♂ ; pl.1, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Ban Houei Sai; Nam Ngum Dam)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.1, figs.♂,♀. (Vientiane)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Matsuka,2001 : 189. (Oudom Xay; Ban Houayxay; Muang Xaignabouri; Nam Pouy; Muang Kasi; Viangchan; Lak Sao; Muang Khammouan; Sebong Fai; Muang Tha Teng)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 322-323. (throughout the country)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Onodera,2009b : 34-35. (Vientinane: Namsong Riverside)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 22-24. (Laos)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Suwa et al.,2013 : 6. (Nahin; Thakhek; Phou Phoung; Oudom Xai)
Troides aeacus ; Suwa et al.,2019 : 5. (Lak Sao; Savannakhet; Nachan)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Troides aeacus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 167-169. (Cambodja: Pnon-Pen)
Papilio aeacus f.thomsoni [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 146. (Cambodge)
Papilui aeacus f.thomsoni [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 8. (Cambodge)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ohya,1983 : 296. (Cambodia)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Matsuka,2001 : 189. (Cambodia)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 22-24. (Cambodia)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Troides aeacus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 167-169. (Tonkin: Mau-Son / Annam: Qui-Nhon; Nha-Trang)
Papilio aeacus aeacus ; Jordan,1909 : 25. (Tonkin)
Papilio aeacus ; Lemee,1950 : 3. (Hagiang; Hanoi)
Papilio aeacus aeacus ; Metaye,1957 : 80. (N / C / S)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ohya,1983 : 296. (Vietnam)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Haugum & Low,1985 : 334. (Trang Bom)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 13, figs.3:1,♂,2,♀,9:1(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Troides aeacus praecox ; Shinkai,1999 : 47. (N: Hanoi / S: near Dalat)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Matsuka,2001 : 189. (Sa Pa; Tam Dao; Tam Moi; Cuc Phuong; Qui Nhon; Nha Trang; Tram Bo; Phan Rang; Bao Lok; Ho Chi Minh)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Hao et al.,2004 : 1, 18, figs.♂,♂(Un), 19, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, figs.pa-1,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Troides aeacus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Bach Ma)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 25-26, pl.2, figs.a♂,b♀. (N: Hoang Lien; Tam Dao; Ba Be; Huu Lien; Ba Vi; Cat Ba; Bai Tu Long / C: Cue Phuong; Pu Mat; Huong Son; Vu Quang; Phong Nha/Ke Bang; Bach Ma; Song Thanh; Kon Cha Rang; Bao Loc; Da Teh / S: La Nga; Saigon; Tan Dinh; Nui Ong Yem; Hiep Hoa; Binh Thu; Cat Tien)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Racheli & Cotton,2010 : 22-24. (Vietnam)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 11. (N / C / S)
Troides aeacus aeacus ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 77. (S: Nui Cam)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 2♀ (RIEB) (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 5♂ 5♀ (RIEB) (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂ 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Uttaradit : 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Saraburi : 6♀ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 2♂ 1♀ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂ 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♀ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 1♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 2♂ 4♀ (photo by K.Saito).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Dong Nai : 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is common in woodlands at low to high elevations (alt.200m - 2200m) and is occasionally seen in urban areas.
The males are frequently observed come to the streams to suck water during the dry season in N.Thailand,

Literature

Felder, C. & R. Felder,1860 : Lepidopterologische Fragmente. VI.
Wien. ent. Monats. 4(8):225-251, pl.3,4.

Bates, H.W.,1875 : Diurnal Lepidoptera of Siam.
in Thomson, John, The Straits of Malacca, Indo-China and China, or ten year's travels, adventures and residence abroad.
London. xv + 546pp, 25 pls, 4 maps (8vo).

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : Neue Indo-Australiche Rhopaloceren.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(3):130-139.

Ohya, T.,1983 : Birdwing Butterflies
Kodansha, Tokyo. 331 pp, 136 pls.

Haugum, J. & A.M. Low.,1985 : A Monograph of the Birdwing Butterflies. Vol.2, part.3. Troides; helena & aeacus groups
E.J.Brill. Scandinavian Science Press LTD. Leiden, Copenhagen.

Matsuka, H.,2001 : Natural History of Birdwing Butterflies
Matsuka shuppan. 367 pp.

Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Troides aeacus aeacus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Troides aeacus aeacus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Troides aeacus aeacus ♂ Troides aeacus aeacus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ with Troides helena (above), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.09.26 - 2021.08.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.