Hypolimnas bolina jacintha  (Drury,[1773])

Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Un. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un.
♂, Chonburi, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♂ Un. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Up. Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ♀ Un.
♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Satun, Thailand.

ON : Papilio jacintha Drury,[1773]
OD : Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2: index, 36-37, pl.21, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un).
TL : "Bombay"

Distribution : Madagascar, Socotra, Mauritius, India to Myanmar,
Andamans, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Langkawi, W.Malaysia,
Singapore, Tioman, Aur, China.
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha map

Synonyms

Papilio avia Fabricius,1793 : Ent. Syst. 3(1):111. TL. Africa.
Papilio liria Fabricius,1793 : Ent. Syst. 3(1):126. TL. India orientali.
Hypolimnas charybdis Butler,1879 : Cistula Entomologica. 2:432. TL. Bombay, India.
Hypolimnas incommoda Butler,1879 : Trans. linn. Soc. Lond.,(2)Zool. 1(8):543. TL. Malacca.
Hypolimnas curiosa Swinhoe,1915 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8)16:173-174. TL. Starn, India.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Godfrey,1916 : 127.
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Godfrey,1930 : 275. (except P)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Pinratana,1979 : 32, figs.N47,♂,♀,♀,♀. (Bangkok; Lampang; Nakhon Ratchasima; Ratchaburi; Saraburi; Chanthaburi; Loei; Nong Khai; Rayong; Tak)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 35, not.fig. (list only)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 35, pl.17, figs.43b,♂,♂,♀,♀,♀. (Chiang Mai; Nong Khai; Loei; Chaiyaphum; Tak; Nakhon Nayok; Chonburi; Rayong; Chanthaburi; Ratchaburi)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50. (Mukdahan; Ubon Ratchathani)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Ek-Amnuay,2006 : 374, pl.161, figs.N44a♂,♀(f.nerina). (Tak Fah)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Ek-Amnuay,2006 : 374, pl.161, figs.N44b♂,♂(Un),♂,♀,♀,♀(f.incommoda). (Chumphon)
Hypolimnus bolina jacintha ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 504, pl.225, figs.N392,♂,♀(f.nerina),♂,♂(Un),♂,♀,♀,♀(f.incommoda). (Tak Fah; Chumphon)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Ratchaburi; Chanthaburi; Trat; Yala) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 62, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Bang Salok; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Kao Yai; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Chanthaburi; Kao Khiewo; Mae Sohd; Ratchaburi; Muang Shone; Than To WF.)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Hypolimnas bolina (ssp.jacintha?) ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 55, pl.47, figs.5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Nam Ngum Dam)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Osada, Uemura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.52, figs.43b♂,♀,♀. (Vientiane; Xam Neua)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Thabeng)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Hypolimnas bolina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Hypolimnas bolina ; Joannis,1901 : 323. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Lemee,1950 : 13. (Hagiang; Hanoi)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Metaye,1957 : 95. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina f.♀.avia ; Metaye,1957 : 95. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina egna ; Metaye,1957 : 95. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Ikeda, Nishimura & Inagaki,2000 : 30, figs.2:17,♂,19,♂(Un), fig.9:12(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Lien,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Hao et al.,2004 : 6, 60, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Hypolimnas bolina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 20, figs.N-31,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien; Ho Chi Minh)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 33. (N / C / S)
Hypolimnas bolina jacintha ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):128-130, pl.29, figs.3a♂,3b♂(Un),3c♀,3d♀,3e♀,3f♀,3g♀,3h♀,3i♀. (throughout Vietnam)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Uttaradit : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in montane forest and edge of the secondary forest at low to high elevations (alt.10m - 1600m).
Type locality of Hypolimnas bolina is still unclear. Linnaeus,1758 gave it as "Indiis". Corbet,1941 considered it came from Java. However, Honey & Scoble,2001 suggested it is uncertain. I follow Corbet, 1941, with reference to figure in Clerc's Icones Insectorum rariorum II. Therefore, I treat type locality of bolina as "Java" provisionally until it is confirmed.

Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Clerck, C.A.,1764 : Icones Insectorum rariorum II
Cum nominibus eorum trivialibus, locisque e C. Linnaei ... Syst: Nat: allegatis.

Drury, D.,[1773] : Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects.
2: vii + 90pp, 50pls. London.

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Butler, A.G.,1879 : Descriptions of new Butterflies of the Indian Region.
Cistula Entomologica. 2:431-432, pl.8, fig.1.

Butler, A.G.,[1879] : The Butterflies of Malacca.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond., (2)Zool. 1(8):533-568, pl.68,69. Swinhoe, C.,1915 : New species of Indo-Malayan lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8)16:170-186.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : The Linnaean names of Indo-Australian Rhopalocera part 1
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(1):8-16.

Honey, M.R. & M.J. Scoble,2001 : Linnaeus's butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea)
Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132:277-399.

Hypolimnas bolina bolina ♂ Hypolimnas bolina bolina ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Hypolimnas bolina bolina ♀
♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.

2008.02.29 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.