Kaniska canace canace  (Linnaeus,1763)

Kaniska canace canace ♂ Up. Kaniska canace canace ♂ Un. Kaniska canace canace ♀ Up. Kaniska canace canace ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Kaniska canace canace ♂ Up. Kaniska canace canace ♂ Un. Kaniska canace canace ♀ Up. Kaniska canace canace ♀ Un.
♂, Chaiyaphum, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Kaniska canace canace ♂ Up. Kaniska canace canace ♂ Un. Kaniska canace canace ♀ Up. Kaniska canace canace ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.), Thailand.

ON : Papilio canace Linnaeus,1763
OD : Amoen. acad. 6:406.
TL : "S.China"
Distribution : Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Hainan, S.China.

● ssp.canace
ssp.perakana
Kaniska canace canace map

Synonym

Papilio charonia Drury,[1773] : Ill. nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 1: index, 29, pl.15, figs.1,2. TL. China.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Vanessa canace canace ; Godfrey,1930 : 273. (Chiang Rai)
Polygonia canace canace ; Pinratana,1979 : 27, figs.N39,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Loei; Chanthaburi; Kao Yai)
Kaniska canace canace ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 30, pl.12, figs.27,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Loei; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi)
Kaniska canace canace ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50, fig.18,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Kaniska canace canace ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 366, pl.157, figs.N30[a]♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Pak Chong; Chiang Dao; Doi Phu Kha)
Kaniska canace canace ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Kaniska canace canace ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 498, pl.221 figs.N378a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Pak Chong; Chiang Dao; Doi Phu Kha)
Kaniska canace canace ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Petchabun; Chanthaburi) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Kaniska canace canace ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 56, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Phui; Doi Inthanon; Maethro; Phu Kradung; Kao Yai; Kao Soi Dao)

[ LAOS ]
Vanessa canace f.charonia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 37. (Laos)
Kaniska canace canace ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 56, pl.52, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un). (Pakse)
Kaniska canace canace ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.50, figs.♂,♀. (Lak Sao; Xiang Khouang)
Kaniska canace canace ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Laksao)
Kaniska canace canace ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Kaniska canace canace ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Vanessa canace ; Joannis,1901 : 322. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Vanessa charonia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 228. (Annam / Tonkin)
Vanessa canace f.charonia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 37. (Tonkin / Annam)
Vanessa charonia ; Lemee,1950 : 12. (Hagiang)
Vanessa canace charonia ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C)
Kaniska canace canace ; Hao et al.,2004 : 6, 58, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Kaniska canace ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 40. (Thua Thien Hue: Bach Ma)
Kaniska canace canace ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, figs.N-19,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Kaniska canace canace ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 32. (N / C / S: to Dong Nai)
Kaniska canace canace ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 41, figs.82,♂,82v♂(Un),83,♀,84v♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Kaniska canace canace ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):110-111, pl.26, figs.5a♂,5b♂(Un). (N: Muong Nhe; Hoang Lien; Na Hang; Tam Dao; Ba Vi; Cuc Phuong / C: Pu Hoat; Vu Quang; Bach Ma; Ngoc Linh; Kon Plong; Ba To; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Bi Doup; Cat Tien; Da Teh; Bao Lam; Hon Ba; Yok Don; Chu Yang Sin / S: Nam Cat Tien)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 10♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 6♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 2♂ 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 4♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 1700m).

Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1763 : Centuria Insectorum, Proposuit Boas Johansson.
Amoen. acad. 6:384-415.

Drury, D.,[1773] : Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects.
1(index): xiii pp, 50 pls. London.

Kaniska canace canace ♂ Kaniska canace canace ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (laying eggs), Loei, Thailand.
Kaniska canace canace ♂ Kaniska canace canace ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Kaniska canace canace ♂ Kaniska canace canace ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Kaniska canace canace ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2008.02.29 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.