Rapala duma duma  (Hewitson,[1878])

Rapala duma duma ♂ Up. Rapala duma duma ♂ Un. Rapala duma duma ♀ Up. Rapala duma duma ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Rapala duma duma ♂ Up. Rapala duma duma ♂ Un. Rapala duma duma ♀ Up. Rapala duma duma ♀ Un.
♂, Surat Thani, Thailand. ♀, Surat Thani, Thailand.
Rapala duma duma ♂ Up. Rapala duma duma ♂ Un. Rapala duma duma ♂ Up. Rapala duma duma ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Thecla duma Hewitson,[1878]
OD : Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae 1:211, 2:pl.84, fig.713(Un).
TL : "Bogota"
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, W.Malaysia,
Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Java.

Synonyms

Rapala abnormis Elwes,[1893] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1892(4):642, pl.44, fig.2,♂. TL. Karen Hills, Burma.
Rapala abnormis abusina Fruhstorfer,[1912] : Berl. ent. Z. 56(3/4):255-256. TL. W.Java.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Rapala abnormis ; Godfrey,1930 : 349. (Surat Thani: Kao Poata)
Rapala abnormis abnormis ; Pinratana,1981 : 148, pl.32, figs.18,♂,19,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Rapala duma duma ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 710, pl.324, figs.L408,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (Chiang Mai)
Rapala duma duma ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 756, pl.347, figs.L430,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (Chiang Mai)
Rapala duma duma ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 136, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok / Doi Suthep / Kao Pho Ta)
Rapala duma duma ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Yala)

[ LAOS ]
Rapala duma duma ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 219. pl.128, figs.♂,♀(Un). (Xam Neua)
Rapala duma duma ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 56.

[ VIETNAM ]
Rapala duma duma ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 68, figs.L-137,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me)
Rapala duma duma ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 69. (C: by literature)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 3♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 5♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (alt.700m - 1600m) and is frequently found on the hilltops. Male makes a territory on the trees, or on the ground in open spaces.

Literature

Hewitson, W.C.,1863-1878 : Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae.
London, van Vorst. x+229pp. and 14a-14h, Suppl. 1-47; pls. (108, numbered;)
1-85, 88-92, 3a,3b,3c, Suppl.I-VII, Ia, Ib, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, Va, Vb. In 8 parts.

Elwes, H.J.,[1893] : On butterflies collected by Mr. W.Doherty in the Naga and Karen Hills and Perak, Part.2.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1892(4):617-664, pls.43,44.

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1912] : Uebersicht der Lycaeniden des Indo-Australischen Gebiets. Begrundet auf die Ausbeute und die Sammlung des Autors.
Berl. ent. Z. 56(3/4):197-272, 4 figs.

Rapala duma duma ♂ Rapala duma duma ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Rapala duma duma ♂ Rapala duma duma ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Rapala duma duma ♂ Rapala duma duma ♂
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Rapala duma duma ♂ Rapala duma duma ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan) ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1999.07.21 - 2021.01.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.