Iraota timoleon timoleon  (Stoll,1790)

Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Un. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Un. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Un. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Sekong, Laos.

ON : Papilio timoleon Stoll,1790
OD : in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen Aanh. :146, pl.32, fig.4,4D.
TL : China.



Distribution : India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, S.China.
Iraota timoleon timoleon map

Synonyms

Hesperia maecenas Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):271. TL. China.
Thecla nila Kollar,[1844] : in Hugel, Kaschmir. 4(2):413, pl.4, figs.5,6. TL. Massuri, Himaleya.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Pinratana,1981 : 109, pl.19, figs.9♂,10♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Bangkok / Mae Hong Son / Nakhon Nayok / Phrae / Ubon Ratchathani)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 658, pl.300, figs.L304,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Sam Phran)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 696, pl.318, figs.L328,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Sam Phran)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 92, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao / Phu Kradung / Nakohn Nayok / Kao Soi Dao / Phra Chorp Kirikan)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs, Early Stages. (Kamphaeng Phet / Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi)

[ LAOS ]
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 74, pl.106, figs.A1♂[♀].A2♂[♀](Un). (Vang Vieng)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 217, pl.121, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Xam Neua / Saravan)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 54.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Iraota timoleon ; Onodera,2008 : 58. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 130. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Iraota timoleon ; Joannis,1901 : 326. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Iraota timoleon maecenas ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1964b : 388, pl.19, figs.147♀,148♀(Un). (Dong Nai: Dinh Quan / Lam Dong: Col de Blao)
Iraota timoleon maecenas ; Luong et al.,2004 : 11, 80, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 64, fig.L-105,♀. (Lam Dong: Bao Loc)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 25, fig.L-105♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Iraota timoleon maecenas ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 63. (N / C)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 63. (S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 5♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Sekong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.350m - 1200m) and is frequently found on the hilltops. Male makes a territory on the canopy of the trees and often found sympatrically with Iraota rochana.


Literature

Stoll, C.,[?1786]-1787-1791 : Aanhangsel van het Werk, de uitlandsche Kapellen, voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, door den Heere Pieter Cramer, vervattende naauwkeurige afbeeldingen van surinaamsche rupsen en poppen;
als mede van veele zeldzaame en nieuwe ontdekte uitlandsche dag-en nagt-kapellen. Amsteldam, Nic. Th. Gravius.
(1):i-viii, 1-42, pls.1-8 ([?1786]-1787) ; (2):43-78, pls.9-16 (1790) ; (3):79-120, pls.17-24 (1790) ; (4):121-146, pls.25-32 (1790) ; (5):147-"384" [=184], pls.33-42 (1790) ; title-page (1791)

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Kollar, V.,[1844] : Aufzahlung und Beschreibung der von Frciherrn Carl v. Hugel auf seiner Reise durch Kaschmir und das Himaleyagebirge gesammelten Insecten.
in Hugel, Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek.
Stuttgart, Hallbergerische Verlagshandlung 4(2):393-564, 582-585, pl.1-28.


Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Lampang, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.18 - 2022.01.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.