Arhopala major major  (Staudinger, 1889)

Arhopala major major ♂ Up. Arhopala major major ♂ Un. Arhopala major major ♂ genitalia Arhopala major major ♂ genitalia
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂ genitalia, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Amblypodia agesilaus var.major Staudinger, 1889
OD : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 2(1):128
TL : Malacca.
Distribution : P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward), Langkawi,
W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Karimata, Natuna,
Laut, Bangka, Belitung, Mentawai, Palawan.
Arhopala major major map


Arhopala catori Bethune-Baker, 1903 : Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 17(1):93-94, pl.2, fig.11,♂ nec, pl.5, figs.8,8a(♂,genitalia). TL. Borneo. (NHML)

Type Materials Information

major ; Lectotype ♂, Tanyong Malim, Malacca. Kunstler 1886. designated by Takanami,1989. (MNHU)
catori ; Lectotype ♂, Borneo. (NHML)

Records taken from Literature

Narathura catori ; Evans,1957 : 97. (P)
Arhopala catori ssp. ; Pinratana,1981 : 82, pl.36, figs.9,♀,12,♀(Un). (Trang)
Arhopala major major ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 614, pl.278, figs.L215,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Trang)
Arhopala muat maranda ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 616, pl.278, figs.L221b♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Arhopala major major ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 646, pl.293, figs.L241,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Trang)
Arhopala major major ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 60, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kam Puan; Tarutao Is; Than To WF.)
'Arhopala major major ; Küppers & Janikorn,2020 : 182-183, figs.Abb.L-277-278. (Phang Nga)'

Specimens Examined

Yala : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


The butterfly is uncommon in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 300 - 650m) and considerably rarer than norda.
This species is quite similar to Arhopala norda. The only difference between two species is a presence or absence of a small white spot on cilia in space 1a on the UnH. Arhopala norda has this, while Arhopala major lacks it. However, this area is easily damaged and the cilia can also easily drop off; therefore, examination of male genitalia is recommended for reliable identification.
I tentatively adopt previous records. However, it would be necessary to reconfirm all records.
The difference between norda and major.
Arhopala norda ronda ♂ Arhopala norda ronda ♂ genitalia Arhopala major major ♂ Arhopala major major ♂ genitalia
Arhopala norda ♂ UnH. & valva. (Ranong) Arhopala major ♂ UnH. & valva. (Yala)


Staudinger, O.,1889 : Lepidopteren der Insel Palawan.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 2(1):3-180, pls.1,2.

Bethune-Baker, G.T.,1903 : A Revision of the Amblypodia Group of Butterflies of the Family Lycaenidae.
Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 17(1):3-164, 5 pls.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : A key to the Indo-Malayan species of Arhopala Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(9):149-183, figs.1-114.

Evans, W.H.,1957 : A Revision of the Arhopala Group of Oriental Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera).
Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 5(3):85-141.

Takanami, Y.,1989 : On Some Type Specimens of Lycaenidae from South East Asia (Lepidoptera).
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 40(1):23-80.

1999.07.18 - 2022.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.