Heliophorus brahma mogoka  Evans,1932

Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Un. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Un. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiagn Mai, Thailand.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Un. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Un. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Up. Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (ws), Xieng Khouang, Laos.

ON : Heliophorus brahma mogoka Evans,1932
OD : Ident. Indian Butts. (2nd ed.) :247.
TL : N.Burma to Mogok.
Distribution : C.Myanmar, N.Thailand, Laos.

● ssp.mogoka
ssp.major
Heliophorus brahma map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 79. (Chiang Mai: Doi Pui)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Pinratana,1981 : 71, pl.11, figs.17,♂,18,♀,19,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Heliophorus hybrida ; Pinratana,1981 : 71, pl.11, fig.20,♂. (Chiang Mai)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 590, pl.267, figs.L162,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Heliophorus hybrida ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 590, pl.267, figs.L163,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 616, pl.279, figs.L186,♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok) (in part)
Heliophorus hybrida ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 616, pl.279, figs.L187,♂,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 150, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Ang Kang; Doi Chiang Dao; Doi Inthanon)
Heliophorus hybrida ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 150. (by literature)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.07.14)

[ LAOS ]
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Masui & Uehara,1999 : 19, figs.15,♂,♂(Un). (Xiang Khouang)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 216. pl.112, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Xam Neua)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Onodera,2009b : 37, fig.32,♂. (Xieng Kouang: Nam Noen; Houaphan: Phu Phan)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 52.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ; Miyamoto & Nakamura,2016 : 24, figs.11,A,♂,B,♂(Un). (Xieng Khouang)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 13♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kamphaeng Phet : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xieng Khouang : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (alt.550m - 2600m) and occurs sympatrically with ila, indicus or eventa. Male makes a territory on the shrubs and trees. Seasonal and individual variations can be seen. Individuals in the rainy season are slightly larger and more reddish. Even in the same region and same season, there are individuals with short and long tails. Further taxonomic study is needed.
Some specimens from northern Thailand have greenish golden markings on the upperside of both wings and rather narrow red marginal border on the UpH. Its coloration is the same as that of Heliophorus hybrida, without the reddish tinge from all angles. However, these are definitely brahma after examination of male genitalia. Pinratana,1981 and Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 recorded hybrida from Thailand but I consider these are all misidentification of brahma, as Kimura et al.,2014 pointed out.

Literature

Evans, W.H.,1932 : The identification of Indian butterflies. second edition revised.
Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., Madras : 10+454pp, 32 pls, 9f.

Yago, M. & A.L.Monastyrskii,2002 : Comparative morphology and identification of the subgenus Kulua, with description of a new species from Vietnam (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Heliophorus).
Tijdschr. Ent. 145:145-171.

Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂ Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂
♂ with Heliophoru ila, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ with Heliophoru ila, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Heliophorus brahma mogoka ♂
♂ and Heliophoru ila♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.11 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.