Luthrodes pandava pandava  (Horsfield,[1829])

Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Up. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Un. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀ Up. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Up. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Un. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀ Up. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Up. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Un. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀ Up. Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀ Un.
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.), Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Lycaena pandava Horsfield,[1829]
OD : Descr. Cat. lepid. Ins. (2):84-86.
TL : Java.
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Andamans, Nicobars, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo,
Enggano, Belitung, Java, Bali, Sumba.

Synonyms

Catochrysops bengalia de Nicéville,1885 : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 54(1):47-48. TL. Calcutta. (♂, NZC)
Catochrysops nicola Swinhoe,1885 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885(1):132. TL. Poona. (♀, NHML)


Type Material Information

bengalia ; Type ♂, Calcutta. (NZC) ; Sheela et al.,2019 : 102, figs.♂,♂(Un).
nicola ; Lectotype ♀, BMNH(E)#264420, Poona. designated by Balint,1999 (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Catochrysops pandava ; Godfrey,1916 : 137.
Euchrysops pandava pandava ; Godfrey,1927 : 125. (N)
Euchrysops pandava pandava ; Godfrey,1930 : 316. (Chiang Rai / Pak Jong / Bangkok)
Euchrysops pandava pandava ; Godfrey,1931 : 195. (Ko Tao)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 88-89, pl.18, figs.135,♂,136,♂(Un),137,♀,138,♀(Un), Textfig.46,♂genitalia. (Chieng Mai / Mae Hoi / Doi Inthanon)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Kawazoé,1964 : 152. (N: Ban Taka)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Pinratana,1981 : 53, pl.8, figs.5,♂,6,♀,7,♂(Un),8,♂(dsf,Un),10,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chonburi / Kanchanaburi / Nakhon Ratchasima)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 257, fig.178,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep ; Phu Pha Phung ; Ban Naudom)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 34. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Ban Gok Tum / Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng E-Keow)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 53. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Hin Khan / Ubon Ratchathani: Kaen Tana ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 47, fig.53,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 572, pl.258, figs.L106[L107], ♂,♂(Un),♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♀,♀(Un),♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un). (Rangsit, Ban Hong)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Les Day,2011 - : Butterflies of Koh Samui, figs. [♀ is Catochrysops sp.] (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2021.01.30)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 590, pl.267, figs.L132,♂,♂(Un),♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un) ; pl.268, figs.L.132,♀,♀(Un),♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un). (Rangsit / Ban Hong)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 196, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Thoen / Mouk Leck / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Bang Phra / Maesohd / Thung Yai / Kaeng Chai / Sai York Noi / Kanchanaburi / Kao Phang / Kaeng Kratchan)
Chilades pandava pandava ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Kanchanaburi / Ratchaburi / Saraburi / Trat) (accessed: 2021.01.30)

[ LAOS ]
Chilades pandava pandava ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 71, pl.101, figs.A11,♂,A12,♂(Un) ; B1,♀,B2,♀(Un). (Tha Ngone / Luang Prabang / Pakse)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.110, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀. (Saravan / Vientiane)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 46. (Namdhua / Thakhek)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 52.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Chilades pandava pandava ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 88-89, pl.18, figs.135,♂,136,♂(Un),137,♀,138,♀(Un), Textfig.46,♂genitalia. (Poipet)
Chilades pandava ; Onodera,2007 : 20, fig.81,♂. (Stung Treng: Sangkum Andet)

[ VIETNAM ]
Catochrysops pandava ; Metaye,1957 : 90. (no loc.)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Hao et al.,2004 : 10, 75, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Chilades pandava ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 42. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 56, figs.L-39,♂,♀. ( Lam Dong: Madagui / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 52. (N: Bac Can / C: Tuyen Quang / S)
Chilades pandava pandava ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 80. (S: Nui Cam / Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.50m - 800m).

Literature

Horsfield, T.,1828-1829 :
A Descriptive Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects contained in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company, illustrated by coloured figures of new Species and of the Metamorphosis of Indian Lepidoptera, with introductory Observations on a general arrangement of this Order of Insects.
London. Parbury, Allen and Co., 2 parts.

de Nicéville, C.L.A.,1885 : List of the Butterflies of Calcutta and its Neighbourhood.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 54(1)39-54.

Swinhoe, C.,1885 : On the Lepidoptera of Bombay and the Decan.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885(1):124-148, pl.9.

Balint, Z.,1999 : Annotated list of type specimens of Polyommatus sensu Eliot of the Natural History Museum, London (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae)
Neue ent. Nachr. 46:1-89.

Stradomsky, B.V.,2016 : A molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Polyommatinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
Caucasian Ent. Bull. 12(1):145-156.

Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Luthrodes pandava pandava ♂ Luthrodes pandava pandava ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Sa Kaeo, Thailand.

1999.07.04 - 2021.01.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.