Miletus shania  (Evans,1932)

Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un. Miletus mallus shania ♀ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un. Miletus mallus shania ♀ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Up. Miletus mallus shania ♂ Un.
♂, Phong Saly, Laos. ♂, Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Miletus mallus shania ♂ genitalia Miletus mallus shania ♂ genitalia Miletus mallus shania ♂ genitalia Miletus mallus shania ♂ genitalia
♂ genitalia, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON Gerydus gethusus shania Evans,1932
OD : Ident. Indian Butts. (2nd ed.) :211.
TL : Bhamo, Shan States. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, S.Yunnan.

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Miletus croton mallus ; Godfrey,1930 : 311. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Miletus mallus mallus ; Eliot,1961 : 163. ("S.E.")
Miletus mallus shania ; Eliot,1961 : 163. (N)
Miletus mallus mallus ; Pinratana,1981 : 26, pl.3, fig.14,♂ ; pl.4, fig.14,♂(Un). (Chaiyaphum)
Miletus mallus shania ; Pinratana,1981 : 27, pl.3, fig.15,♀ ; pl.4, fig.13,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Miletus chinensis learchus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.242, figs.L22,♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Miletus mallus mallus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 538, pl.243, figs.L24a,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). ("Chanthaburi / Trat")
Miletus chinensis learchus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.242, figs.L46,♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Miletus mallus mallus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 552, pl.249, figs.L48a,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). ("Chanthaburi / Trat")
Miletus mallus shania ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 35, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Doi Inthanon / Maethro) (in part)

[ LAOS ]
Miletus mallus mallus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 214, pl.106, figs.♂,♀. (Vang Vieng / Oudomxay)
Miletus mallus mallus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 51.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 16♂ 10♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 9♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phong Saly : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The taxa malus and shania differ in male genitalia, markings on the UpF, and size. Therefore, I consider they are two distinct species. I treat the name of shania as species provisionally, however taxon gethusus might not be mallus. If this taxon is the same species as shania, the specific name would be changed. Further taxonomic study is needed.
The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations. Male makes a territory inside of the forest and around forest edge from 12:30 to sunset. Both species are found allopatric in Chiang Mai until now.

Literature

Evans, W.H.,1932 : The identification of Indian butterflies. second edition revised.
Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., Madras : 10+454pp, 32 pls, 9f.

Eliot, J.N.,1961 : An analysis of the Genus Miletus (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae).
Bull. Raffles Mus. 26:154-177, 24 figs.

Eliot, J.N.,1986 : A review of the Miletini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae).
Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 53(1):1-105, 108 figs.

Huang H. & Xue, Y-P.,2004 : A new species of Miletus from the extreme south of Yunnan, China (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae)
Neue Ent. Nachr. 57:155-160.

Miletus mallus shania ♂ Miletus mallus shania ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Miletus mallus shania ♂ Miletus mallus shania ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2010.05.15 - 2020.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.