Euthalia phemius phemius  (Doubleday,[1848])

Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Up. Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Un. Euthalia phemius phemius ♀ Up. Euthalia phemius phemius ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Up. Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Un. Euthalia phemius phemius ♀ Up. Euthalia phemius phemius ♀ Un.
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Up. Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Un. Euthalia phemius phemius ♀ Up. Euthalia phemius phemius ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Itanus phemius Doubleday,[1848]
OD : Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): pl.41, fig.4,♂.
TL : Silhet. (NHML)
Distribution : Nepal to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
S.E.Tibet, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.

● ssp.phemius
ssp.ipona
Euthalia phemius map

Synonyms

Adolias sancara Moore,1858 : in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1:195, a♂[recte ♀], b♀. TL. N.India ; Darjeeling. (♀, NHML)
Euthalia phemius seitzi Fruhstorfer,1913 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:675. TL. Hong Kong. (♂♀, NHML)


Type Materials Information

phemius : Syntype ♂, Silhet. (NHML) ; Yago et al.,2012 : 306, figs.1A♂,1B♂(Un).
sancara : Syntypes "♂" [recte ♀], Rh.10126, N.India (NHML), ♀, Rh10127, Darjeeling (NHML) ; Yago et al.,2012 : 322, figs.21[20]1A♀,21[20]B♀(Un),22[21]A♀,22[21]B♀(Un).
zeitzi : Syntypes ♂, Tai Po Kau, Hong Kong. (MNHN), ♀, Hong Kong. (MNHN) ; Yago et al.,2012 : 306, figs.23[22]A♂,23[22]B♂(Un),24[23]A♀,24[23]B♀(Un),


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Godfrey,1916 : 131. (Chonburi: Sriracha; Prae: Me Song forest)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Godfrey,1930 : 293. (Prae: Me Song forest; Chonburi: Sriracha)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Pinratana,1979 : 76, figs.N131,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 78, pl.53, figs.143,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 442, pl.195, figs.N148,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 452, pl.199, figs.N314,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2021.07.23)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 107, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Maethro; Bang Salok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kratching WF.) (in part)

[ LAOS ]
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 674. (Lao States)
Euthalia phemius f.phemius ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 43. (Giranville)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 60, Not fig. (Vang Vieng)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.64, figs.♂,♂,♀. (Nhahin; Phong Saly)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.

[ VIETNAM ]
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 674. (Tonkin)
Euthalia phemius f.phemius ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 43. (Tonkin: Vietri)
Euthalia phemius ; Lemee,1950 : 15. (Hagiang)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 36, figs.7:1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Euthalia phemius ; Hao et al.,2004 : 7, 68, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Euthalia phemius ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Bach Ma)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 32, figs.N-91,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 40. (N / C / S)
Euthalia phemius phemius ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):120-121, pl.65, figs.1a♂,1b♀. (N: Ba Be; Tam Dao; Cuc Phuong; Pu Luong / C: Dakrong; Nam Dong; A Luoi; Bach Ma; Ba Na; Ba To; Phu Yen; Ninh Thauan / S: Nam Cat Tien; La Nga; Nghia Trung)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 15♂ 5♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 8♂ 8♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sakon Nakhon : 1♀ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 5♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to high elevations (alt.10m - 1800m).
Yago et al.,2012, based on both morphology and molecular analyses, identified ipona as a form of nominotypical subspecies. However, I treat ipona as a distinct subspecies, mainly from the perspective of morphology.

Literature

Doubleday, E. & W.C. Hewitson,1846-1852 : The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera,
comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habits and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus ;
illustrated with 86 plates by W.C.Hewitson.
Longon, Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. xii + ii + 534 pp, 86 pls, In 54 parts. In 2 vols.

Horsfield, T. & F. Moore,[1858] : A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
649-704. (28.Oct.1913)

Lang, S.,2009 : A Study on the systematics of Nymphalidae (excepting Satyrinae) from China (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Beijing, P.R.China.

Yago, M., T.Yokochi, M.Kondo, M.F.Braby, B.Yahya, D.Peggie, M.Wang, M.Williams, S.Morita & R.Ueshima,2012 :
Revision of the Euthalia phemius complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on morphology and molecular analyses
Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 164:204-324.

Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Euthalia phemius phemius ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Euthalia phemius phemius ♀
♂, Loei, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand.
Euthalia phemius phemius ♂ Euthalia phemius phemius ♀
♂, Chaiyaphum, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♀, Sakon Nakhon, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

2007.02.10 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.