Parasarpa zulema  (Doubleday,[1848])

zulema ♂ Up. zulema ♂ Un. zulema ♂ Up. zulema ♂ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.
zulema ♂ Up. zulema ♂ Un. zulema ♂ Up. zulema ♂ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Limenitis zulema Doubleday,[1848]
OD : Gen. diurn. Lep. (2):276, pl.34, fig.1.
TL : India.




Distribution :
Bhutan, Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, N.Vietnam.
zulema map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Sumalia zulema ; Miyata & Hanafusa,1994 : 1, pl.4, fig.6,♂. (Mae Hong Son)
Sumalia zulema ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 412, pl.180, figs.N118,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Mae Sariang / Umphang)
Sumalia zulema ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 422, pl.184, figs.N284,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Mae Sariang / Umphang)
Sumalia zulema ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 92, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Umphang)

[ VIETNAM ]
Limenitis zulema f.zulema ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 41. (Tonkin: Chapa)
Limenitis zulema ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N)
Sumalia zulema ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 36. (N: Lao Cai / C: Ha Tinh)
Sumalia zulema ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:39-40, pl.39, figs.2a,♂,2b,♂(Un). (N: Hoang Lien ; Van Ban / C: Vu Quang)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 7♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xaignabouri : 1990.04.--. 1♂. P.Sukkit (YI).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
This is the first record from Laos.
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations (alt.900m - 1300m).

Literature

Doubleday, E. & W.C. Hewitson,1846-1852 : The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera,
comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habits and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus ;
illustrated with 86 plates by W.C.Hewitson.
Longon, Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. xii + ii + 534 pp, 86 pls, In 54 parts. In 2 vols.

Miyata, T. & H.Hanafusa,1994 : Newly recorded butterflies from North Thailand (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).
Futao 17:1-2, pl.4.

Wu, L-W., H.Chiba, D.C.Lees, Y.Ohsima & M-L.Jeng,2019 : Unravelling relationships among the shared stripes of sailors:
Mitogenomic phylogeny of Limenitidini butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae,Limenitidinae), focusing on the genera Athyma and Limenitis
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 130(2019):60-66.

2007.03.10 - 2020.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.