Limenitis asura asura  (Moore,[1858])

Limenitis asura asura ♂ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♂ Un. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Limenitis asura asura ♂ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♂ Un. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Limenitis asura asura ♂ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♂ Un. Limenitis asura asura ♂ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.
Limenitis asura asura ♂ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♂ Un. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Un.
♂, Dalat, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Limenitis asura asura ♀ Up. Limenitis asura asura ♀ Un.
♀, Sapa, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Athyma asura Moore,[1858]
OD : in Horsfield & Moore,
Cat. Lep. Ins. Mus. East India Co. (1):171, pl.5a, fig.1.
TL : N.India.




Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
Limenitis asura asura Map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pantoporia asura ; Godfrey,1932b : 324-325. (Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep)
Pantoporia idita ; Godfrey,1932b : 325. (Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep)
Athyma asura asura ; Pinratana,1979 : 55, figs.N96a,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Nakhon Ratchasima)
Athyma asura asura ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 58, pl.36, figs.100a,♂,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Nakhon Ratchasima)
Athyma asura asura ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 402, pl.175, figs.N104a,♂,♀. (Umphang)
Athyma asura asura ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 412, pl.179, figs.N269a,♂,♀. (Umphang / Doi Phu Kha)
Athyma asura asura ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai / Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2020.09.24)
Athyma asura asura ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 86, ♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok / Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Doi Inthanon / Phu Khiewo)

[ LAOS ]
Athyma asura asura ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 58, not fig. (List up only)
Athyma asura asura ; Masui & Uehara,1994 : 5, figs.23♀,♀(Un). (Xiang Khouang)
Athyma asura asura ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 206, pl.59, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Oudomxay / Lak Sao)
Athyma asura asura ; Onodera,2009b : 39,41. (Bolikhamxai: Thabok / Khammouan: Nacay)
Athyma asura asura ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 45.

[ VIETNAM ]
Pantoporia asura asura ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 626. (Annam)
Pantoporia asura ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 230. (Tonkin)
Pantoporia asura f.asura ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 40. (Annam)
Pantoporia asura asura ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (C)
Athyma asura asura ; Hao et al.,2004 : 7, 64, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Athyma asura ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: A Luoi)
Athyma asura asura ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 22, figs.N-65,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me)
Athyma asura asura ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N / C / S)
Athyma asura asura ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:22-23, pl.35, figs.2a,♂,2b,♂(Un),2c,♀. (N: Hoang Lien ; Van Ban ; Na Hang ; Ba Be ; Huu Lien ; Tam Dao ; Cuc Phuong / C: Pu Mat ; Vu Quang ; Dakrong ; A Luoi ; Ngoc Linh ; Chu Yang Sin ; Hon Ba ; Bao Lao ; Loc Bao / S: La Nga ; Nghia Trung)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 9♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 14♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 8♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Sekong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vinh Phuc : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
Literature

Horsfield, T. & F. Moore,[1858] : A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Wu, L.W., H.Chiba, D.C.Lees, Y.Ohsima, M.L.Jeng.,2019 :
Unravelling relationships among the shared stripes of sailors: Mitogenomic phylogeny of Limenitidini butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Limenitidinae), focusing on the genera Athyma and Limenitis
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 130(2019):60-66.

2006.02.20 - 2020.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.