Athyma whitei whitei  (Tytler,1940)

Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Un.
♂, 2004.03.--. Chiang Rai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♀ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano) ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

ON : Pantoporia zeroca whiteiTytler,1940
OD : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:117.
TL : ♂, Chin Hills.

Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Guangxi, Hainan.

Synonym

Athyma zhangi Gu et Wang,1997 : in Gu & Chen, Butterflies in Hainan Island :193, fig.199, ♂,♂(Un). TL. Jianfengling, Hainan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Athyma whitei ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchabun / Sa Kaeo / Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2020.09.24)

[ VIETNAM ]
Athyma whitei ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N / C)
Athyma whitei ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:30-31, pl.37, figs.1a,♂,1b,♂(Un). (N: Van Ban / C: Bach Ma ; Kon Chu Rang ; Bao Loc ; Chu Yang Sin ;Cat Loc)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Rai : 2004.03.--. 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations (alt.500m - 1100m) and is often found sympatrically with zeroca, cama and selenophora.
The species has recently confirmed by DNA analysis to be separate from zeroca, selenophora and cama. (D.Lohman, pers. comm.) The relationship between yui is still unclear. Further taxonomic study is needed.


The difference between whitei and allied species. (♂)
Athyma whitei Un. Athyma whitei Un. Athyma minensis Un. Athyma yui Un. Athyma selenophora Un. Athyma zeroca Un.
whitei (Un) N.Thailand. whitei (Un) S.Vietnam. whitei minensis (Un) China. yui (Un) N.Thailand. selenophora (Un) Laos. zeroca (Un) N.Thailand.

Athyma whitei was described as a subspecies of zeroca.
According to the original description, "Upperside. Both wings with pale bands broader and broadly edged with greyish-blue.
Underside. Forewing: the two apical spots are very narrow; the pale band in the cell has below it three dark vertical lines connecting this area with the lower edge of the cell." We consider it is not zeroca, because zeroca has no dark lines in the cell.
Recently, Athyma minensis and Athyma zhangi were described from Fujian and Hainan. These two taxa also have the same feature as whitei. Therefore it will be included in this species and zhangi seems to be synonym of whitei.

Literature

Tytler, H.,1940 : Notes on Some New and Interesting Butterflies chiefly from Burma. Part.2.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:109-123.

Yoshino, K.,1997 : New Butterflies from China 2.
Neo Lepidoptera 1(2):1-8.66 figs.

Gu, M.B. & Chen, P.Z.,1997 : Butterflies in Hainan Island.
China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. 355 pp.

Saito, K.,2006 : Athyma minensis Yoshino,1997 ni tuite. (in Japanese) [ Notes on Athyma minensis Yoshino,1997 ]
Yadoriga 208:28-32.

Athyma whitei ♂ Athyma whitei ♀
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)
Athyma whitei ♂ Athyma whitei ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Athyma whitei ♂ Athyma whitei ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

K.Saito & Y.Inayoshi, 2010.03.15 - 2020.12.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.