Athyma whitei  (Tytler,1940)

Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un.
♂, 2004.03.--. Chiang Rai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, near Putao, Myanmar. (photo by K.Saito)
Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Up. Athyma whitei whitei ♂ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, near Dalat, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Pantoporia zeroca whitei  Tytler,1940
OD : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:117.
TL : ♂, Chin Hills.

Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Hainan, China.

Other names

Athyma minensis  Yoshino,1997 : Neo Lepidoptera 1(2):3, figs.18♂,19♂(Un),56(♂,genitalia).  TL. Mt.Wuyi, N.Fujian, China.
Athyma zhangi  Gu et Wang,1997 : in Gu & Chen, Butterflies in Hainan Island :193, fig.199, ♂,♂(Un).  TL. Jianfengling, Hainan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Athyma whitei ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchabun / Sa Kaeo / Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2020.09.24)

[ VIETNAM ]
Athyma whitei ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N / C)
Athyma whitei ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:30-31, pl.37, figs.1a,♂,1b,♂(Un). (N: Van Ban / C: Bach Ma ; Kon Chu Rang ; Bao Loc ; Chu Yang Sin ;Cat Loc)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Rai : 2004.03.--. 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.500m - 1100m) and is often found sympatrically with zeroca, cama and selenophora. The relationship between yui is still unclear. Further taxonomic study is needed.


The difference between whitei and allied species.
Athyma whitei Un. Athyma whitei Un. Athyma minensis Un. Athyma selenophora Un. Athyma zeroca Un.
whitei (Un) N.Thailand. whitei (Un) S.Vietnam. minensis (Un) China. selenophora (Un) Laos. zeroca (Un) N.Thailand.

Athyma whitei was described as a subspecies of zeroca. We think that the figured specimens belong to whitei.
According to the original description, "Upperside. Both wings with pale bands broader and broadly edged with greyish-blue.
Underside. Forewing: the two apical spots are very narrow; the pale band in the cell has below it three dark vertical lines connecting this area with the lower edge of the cell."
We suppose it is not true zeroca, because zeroca has no dark lines in the cell. Recently, Athyma minensis and Athyma zhangi were described from Fujian and Hainan. These two taxa also have the same feature as whitei. Therefore it will be included in this species.

Literature

Tytler, H.,1940 : Notes on Some New and Interesting Butterflies chiefly from Burma. Part.2.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:109-123.

Yoshino, K.,1997 : New Butterflies from China 2.
Neo Lepidoptera 1(2):1-8.66 figs.

Gu, M.B. & Chen, P.Z.,1997 : Butterflies in Hainan Island.
China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. 355 pp.

Saito, K.,2006 : Athyma minensis Yoshino,1997 ni tuite. (in Japanese) [ Notes on Athyma minensis Yoshino,1997 ]
Yadoriga 208:28-32.

K.Saito & Y.Inayoshi, 2010.03.15 - 2020.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.