Athyma perius perius  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Athyma perius perius ♂ Up. Athyma perius perius ♂ Un. Athyma perius perius ♀ Up. Athyma perius perius ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Athyma perius perius ♂ Up. Athyma perius perius ♂ Un. Athyma perius perius ♀ Up. Athyma perius perius ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio perius Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. nat. (ed.10) 1:471.
TL : 'Indiis' [Canton, China].
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China,
Taiwan, Japan (Yonaguni), Langkawi,
W.Malaysia, {Singapore}, Calamian.
Athyma perius perius Map

Synonyms

Papilio leucothoe Linnaeus, 1758 : Syst. nat. (Edn 10) 1:478. TL. 'Asia' [Canton, China].
Tacoraea perius ab. atramenta Murayama & Shimonoya, 1962 : Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 16(3/4):55, figs.5,♂,8,♂(Un). TL. Musha, C.Formosa. (♂) (IFS)
Tacoraea perius ab. insolitus Murayama & Shimonoya, 1966 : Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 16(3/4):60, fig.35,♂(Un). TL. Poli, Taiwan. (♂) (IFS)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pantoporia perius perius ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 626. (Siam)
Pantoporia perius ; Godfrey,1916 : 129. (Chonburi: Don Rek hills)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Pendlebury,1923 : 39. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Luang; Tai Sai River)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Godfrey,1930 : 284. (except P)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Godfrey,1932a : 269. (P)
Athyma perius perius ; Pinratana,1979 : 54, figs.N95,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Prachuap Kirikhan; Nakhon Nayok; Saraburi)
Athyma perius perius ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 58, pl.36, figs.98,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok; Chonburi; Chanthaburi; Saraburi; Kanchanaburi; Prachuap Kirikhan; Songkhla; Trang)
Athyma perius perius ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 255, fig.99,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep; Phu Huay Sing; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Athyma perius perius ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 28. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak; Ban Lao Kram)
Athyma perius perius ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 51. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Ma No Rom; Phu Hin Khan)
Athyma perius perius ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 70, fig.159,♀. (Umphang: Tha Sai)
Athyma perius perius ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 402, pl.175, figs.N102,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Athyma perius perius ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2020.09.24)
Athyma perius perius ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 412, pl.179, figs.N267,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Nan; Ranong)
Athyma perius perius ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok; Yala) (accessed: 2023.09.22)
Athyma perius perius ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 85, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Suthep; Doi Pa Chang; Nakohn Nayok; Sarika; Wan Nam Khiewo; Bung Kahn; Kratchin WF; Kao Khiewo; Bang Phra; Sai York Noi; Key Rap Nam; Ka Chong; Haadjai)
Athyma perius perius ; Küppers & Janikorn,2020 : 55, figs.Abb.N-307-310. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Athyma perius perius ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 58, pl.61, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng; Phatong; Nam Moh; Luang Prabang; Vientiane; Ban Houei Sai; Pakse)
Athyma perius perius ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 206, pl.58, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Xaignabouri; Xam Neua)
Athyma perius perius ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 42. (Namdhua; Nhahin)
Athyma perius perius ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 45.
Athyma perius perius ; Onodera,2022 : 38, pl.115, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Luang Phabang: Nong Hob)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Athyma perius perius ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : fig,♂. (Botum Sakor NP.)
Athyma perius ; Onodera,2007 : 23, fig.56♂. (Rattanakiri: Veun Sai)
Athyma perius ; Onodera,2008 : 60. (Mondolkiri: O Rang)
Athyma perius perius ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)
Athyma perius perius ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 118. (Kampong Chhnang, Koh Kong; Mondulkiri, Preah Sihanouk, Pursat, Ratanakiri, Siem Reap)

[ VIETNAM ]
Athyma perius ; Joannis,1901 : 319-320. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 626. (Tonkin / Annam)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Godfrey,1919 : 468. (S: Daban)
Pantoporia perius ; Lemée,1950 : 14. (Hagiang; Hanoi)
Pantoporia perius perius ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (N / C / S)
Athyma perius ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Athyma perius perius ; Luong et al.,2004 : 7, 64, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Athyma perius ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Athyma perius perius ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 22, figs.N-63,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Athyma perius perius ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)
Athyma perius perius ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N / C / S)
Athyma perius perius ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):20-21, pl.35, figs,1a♂,1b♂(Un),1c♀. (N: Ba Be; Huu Lein; Tam Dao; Ba Vi; Cuc Phuong; Pu Luong / C: Ben En; Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Huong Thuy; Bach Ma; Son Thanh; Ngoc Linh; Kon Plong; Chu Yang Sin; Yok Don / S: Binh Chau; Cat Tien; La Nga; Lo Go Xa Mat)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂ 2♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 9♂ 4♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by M.Hayaashi and T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 11♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane or secondary forests at low to high elevations (Alt. 50 - 1600m). Males are territorial on shrubs or on the ground. Both sexes visit flowers and males occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Corbet, A.S.,1949 : The Linnaean Names of Indo-Australian Rhopalocera. Part 7. Summary of Determinations.
Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond (B)18(9-10):191-199.

Murayama, S. & Shimonoya, Y.,1962 : On some interesting butterflies from Formosa, with descriptions of 2 new species, 2 new races, and 7 new aberrant forms.
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 13(3):51-59.

Murayama, S. & Shimonoya, Y.,1966 : Some Formosan butterflies of new species, new race, new aberrant forms or little known species and forms.
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 16(3/4):58-67.


Athyma perius perius ♂ Athyma perius perius ♀
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Athyma perius perius ♂ Athyma perius perius ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Athyma perius perius ♂ Athyma perius perius ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Athyma perius perius ♂+♀ Athyma perius perius ♂
♂+♀ (mating), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

2006.02.20 - 2023.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.