Gangara thyrsis thyrsis  (Fabricius, 1775)

Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ♂ Up. Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ♂ Un. Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ♀ Up. Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Papilio thyrsis Fabricius, 1775
OD : Syst. Ent. : 532.
TL : 'America'
Distribution : S.India, N.W.India to Myanmar, Andamans,
S.Nicobars, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan,
S.China, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka,
Nias, Palawan, Sulawesi.
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis map

Synonyms

Hesperia pandia Moore, [1858] : in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. Lep. Ins. East India Co. (1):254, pl.7, figs.10(larva),10a(chrysalis). TL. Calcutta.
Gangara thyrsis yasodara Fruhstorfer, 1910 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 24:103. TL. Andamans. (♂)
Gangara thyrsis hainana Sonan, 1938 : Trans. nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 28:37. TL. Hainan. (♂, TARI)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Gangara thyrsis ; Godfrey,1916 : 144. (Bangkok)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Godfrey,1930 : 373. (Chiang Mai; Bangkok; Chonburi: Sriracha)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Evans,1949 : 325. (Siam)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Pinratana,1985 : 86, pl.29, figs.187,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Nonthaburi; Chanthaburi; Ranong; Surat Thani; Trang; Yala)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 13, fig.24,♂. (Mukdahan: Nam Tok Tad Ton; Ban Gok Tum)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 808, pl.370, figs.H219,♀[♂],♀[♂](Un),♂[♀],♂[♀](Un). (Chaiyaphum)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; RDPB & DNP,2006-2008 : Butterflies in Hala-Bala Forest, fig.[♂]. (Narathiwat: Hala Bala) (last update: 2007.01.02 ; accessed: 2023.08.22)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, fig.[♂](Un). (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2021.07.20)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 84, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Naka; Ka Chong)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 868, pl.400, figs.H217,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chaiyaphum)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs, Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Phetchabun; Sa Kaeo; Nakhon Nayok; Trat; Yala) (accessed: 2023.09.02)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 112-113, figs.Abb.H-207-208. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Masui & Uehara,1994 : 7, fig.50,♂,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 224, pl.141, fig.♂. (Vang Vieng)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 59.
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Onodera,2022 : 118, pl.255, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Khammouan: Natung)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Kosterin,2019b : 34, fig.42(Un). (Ratanakiri)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 126. (Koh Kong; Ratanakiri; Siem Reap)

[ VIETNAM ]
Gangara thyrsis ; Lemée,1950 : 24. (Hagiang)
Gangara thyrsis ; Metaye,1957 : 79. (S)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1970 ; 1-3, fig.131,♂,textfig.39(♂,genitalia). (Lai Thieu)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 : 172. (Hanoi; Tam Dao)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Ikeda et al.,2001b : 65, figs.4:2,♂,3,♂(Un),5:32(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Luong et al.,2004 : 15, 90, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007b : 14, fig.H-88,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 29, fig.H-88,♀. (Lam Dong: Dai Duc Me; Madagui)
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 81. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 150 - 700m).


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1910 : Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 24(3-5):58-104.

Chiba, H., Hsu, Y.F., Tsukiyama, H., Lo, P.Y.F., Chen, C.R. & Wang, S.M.,2009 :
Jinhaku Sonan's skipper type collection deposited at Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)
Zootaxa 2202:48-58.


Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ♂ Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.

1999.09.11 - 2024.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.