Ancistroides folus  (Cramer, 1775)

Ancistroides folus ♂ Up. Ancistroides folus ♂ Un. Ancistroides folus ♀ Up. Ancistroides folus ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Papilio folus Cramer, 1775
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 1(7):118, pl.74, fig.F.
TL : 'Surinamen' (♀)
Distribution : Sri Lanka, S.India, Nepal to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China,
Taiwan, Japan, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra,
Bangka, Java, Engano, Bawean, Lombok, Sumbawa.
Ancistroides folus map

Synonym

Hesperia cicero Fabricius, 1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):338-339. TL. India orientali.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Udaspes folus ; Godfrey,1916 : 145. (Bangkok)
Udaspes folus ; Godfrey,1927 : 127. (N)
Udaspes folus ; Godfrey,1930 : 372. (except P)
Udaspes folus ; Godfrey,1932a : 275. (P)
Udaspes folus ; Evans,1949 : 291. (Siam)
Udaspes folus ; Kawazoé,1964 : 131-132, pl.2, figs.15,♂,16,♂(Un), Textfig.6,♂genitalia. (C: Thom Buri)
Udaspes folus ; Pinratana,1985 : 66, pl.22, fig.133,♂. (Chiang Mai; Bangkok; Chonburi; Ranong; Yala)
Udaspes folus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 250, fig.19,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Naudom; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Udaspes folus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 12. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum)
Udaspes folus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 44. (Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap; Kaen Tana; Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Hin Khan)
Udaspes folus ; RDPB & DNP,2006-2008 : Butterflies in Hala-Bala Forest, fig.[♀](Un). (Narathiwat: Hala Bala) (last update: 2007.01.02 ; accessed: 2023.07.12)
Udaspes folus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 788, pl.362, figs.H159,♀,♀(Un). (Ban Hong; Bangkok; Chon Buri)
Udaspes folus ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs.[♂],[♂](Un). (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.02.11)
Udaspes folus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 68, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kao Khiewo; Bang Phra; Bangkok; Mae Sohd; Kaen Krachan; Haadjai)
Udaspes folus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 842, pl.389, figs.H155,♀,♀(Un). (Ban Hong; Bangkok; Chon Buri)
Udaspes folus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchabun; Nakhon Ratchasima; Saraburi; Bangkok; Chachoengsao; Trat; Ratchaburi;) (accessed: 2023.08.04)
Udaspes folus ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 99, figs.Abb.H-163-166. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Udaspes folus ssp. ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 82, pl.114, figs.B9,♀,B10,♀(Un). (Nam Moh; Luang Prabang; Pakse; Tha Ngone; Vientiane)
Udaspes folus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 224, pl.139, fig.♂. (Attapu)
Udaspes folus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 59.
Udaspes folus ; Onodera,2022 : 116, pl.253, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si; Vientiane)

[ CAMBODIA ]
'Udaspes folus ; Kosterin,2019 : 102. (Preah Sihanouk)'
Udaspes folus ; Kosterin,2019b : 34, fig.44(Un). (Ratanakiri)
Udaspes folus ; Kosterin,2020 : 333. (Preah Vihear; Stueng Treng)
Udaspes folus ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 125. (Koh Kong; Preah Sihanouk; Preah Vihear; Ratanakiri; Siem Reap; Stueng Treng)

[ VIETNAM ]
Udaspes folus ; Lemée,1950 : 25. (Hagiang; Hanoi)
Udaspes folus ; Metaye,1957 : 80. (S)
Udaspes folus ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1967 ; 4. (Xuan Loc; Trang Bom; Dinh Quan)
Udaspes folus ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 : 169. (Tam Dao; Hoa Binh; Cao Bang; Ba Be)
Udaspes folus ; Luong et al.,2004 : 14, 89, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Udaspes folus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 45. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Udaspes folus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007b : 10, figs.H-63,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Udaspes folus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 79. (N / C / S)
Udaspes folus ; Saito et al.,2017 : 76. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 8♂ 3♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Tao) : 1♀ (photo by P.Kosierb).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 1♀ (photo by Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 900m). Both sexes visit flowers.
Zhang et al. (2022:40) suggested that the genus Udaspes should be treated as a subgenus of the genus Ancistroides based on molecular analysis.


Literature

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Zhang, J., Cong, Q., Shen, J. & Grishin, N.V.,2022 : Taxonomic changes suggested by the genomic analysis of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera)
Insecta Mundi 0921:1-135.


Ancistroides folus ♂ Ancistroides folus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ancistroides folus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.09.11 - 2024.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.