Hasora chromus chromus  (Cramer,[1780])

Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Un. Hasora chromus chromus ♀ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Un. Hasora chromus chromus ♀ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Un. Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.
Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Up. Hasora chromus chromus ♂ Un.
♂, Prachuab Kirikan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio chromus Cramer,[1780]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 3(24):163, pl.284, fig.E(Un).
TL : Coromandel, Java.



Distribution : Sri Lanka to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
China, Formosa, Japan, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Tioman, Aur,
Singapore, Indonesia to New Guinea, Australia.
Hasora chromus chromus map

Synonyms

Papilio alexis Fabricius,1775 : Syst. Ent. :533.  TL. India. (homonym)
Ismene contempta Plotz,1884 : Stett. ent. Ztg. 45:56-57.  TL. Cape York. (♀)
Hasora inermis Elwes & Edwards,1897 : Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 14(4):301, pl.20, fig.16(♂); pl.27, figs.94,94a.  TL. Liu Kiu Island (Okinawa).
Ismene lucescens Lucas,1900 : Proc. R. Soc. Qd. 15:138.  TL. S.Queensland. (♂)
Hasora attenuata Mabille,1904 : In Wytsman, Gen. Ins. (17b):86. TL. Nouvelle-Guinee. (synonym & homonym)
Hasora alexis ganapata Fruhstorfer,1911 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 25:72. TL. Deutsch New Guinea. (♂,BMNH)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Hasora chromus ; Godfrey,1916 : 147.
Hasora malayana attenuata ; Seitz,1927 : 1050. (Siam)
Hasora alexis alexis ; Godfrey,1930 : 353. (Chonburi: Hup Bon ; Nong Yai Boo)
Hasora chromus chromus; Reeves,1967a : 127. (Khao Yai)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Evans,1949 : 61. (Siam)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Pinratana,1985 : 19, pl.5, fig.16,♂,♀,♂(Un). (Nakhon Ratchasima / Nonthaburi / Ratchaburi / Kanchanaburi)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 249, fig.3♀. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 9. (Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing; Ban Na Lak / Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Na Pho Krang; Nam Tok Soi Sawan)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 732, pl.335, fig.H19,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ratchaburi / Tham Than Lod / Phrae / Chiang Mai)
Hasora vitta indica ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.337, fig.H24a,♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Chiba,2009 : 24, pl.10, fig.1♂,2♀. (Thailand)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Les Day,2011- : Butterflies of Koh Samui. (Koh Samui)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 25, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Doi Inthanon / Thung Saleng Luang / Phu Khiewo / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kao Saverb / Kao Khiewo / Doi Musso / Taksin / Mae Sam / Thung Yai / Sai York Noi / Kanchanaburi / Than To WF)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 780, pl.359, fig.H18,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ratchaburi / Tham Than Lod / Phrae / Chiang Mai)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Hasora chromus chromus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig.♂(Un). (Ratchaburi / Sa Kaeo)

[ LAOS ]
Hasora chromus chromus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 78, col.pl.16,♀ ; pl.110, figs.A3♀,4♀(Un). (Vang Vieng / Pakse)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 ; 221, pl.131, figs.♂,♀. (Vang Vieng)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Chiba,2009 : 24, pl.10, fig.1♂,2♀. (Laos)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 56.

[ VIETNAM ]
Hasora chromus chromus ; Evans,1949 : 61. (Annam)
Hasora chromus ; Lemee,1950 : 23. (Hagiang / Backan)
Hasora alexis ; Metaye,1957 : 78. (no loc.)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1964 ; 39-41, figs.9♂,10♂(Un). (Bobla)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 ; 155. (Central: Bach Ma ; Vu Quang)
Hasora chromus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 44. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Phong Dien ; Bach Ma)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007b ; 2, fig.H-5,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Chiba,2009 : 24, pl.10, fig.1♂,2♀. (Central / South)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 ; 70. (C / S)
Hasora chromus chromus ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 43, fig.116♂,116v♂(Un),117♀,117v♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : Mae Hong Son dist. 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : Chiang Mai dist. 2♀ ; Omkoi dist. 5♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : Pua dist. 6♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : Umphang dist. 10♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : Sai Yok dist. 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : Si Racha dist. 1♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : Kaeng Krachan dist. 1♂ (photo by M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Prachuap Khiri Khan : Hua Hin dist. 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Luang Prabang : Phou Khoum. 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Savannakhet : Don Natat, 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Champasak : Pakse. 1♂ ; Paksong. 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Cramer, P.,[1779]-[1780] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 3(17-21):1-104, pl.193-252,(1779) ; (22):105-128, pl.253-264,([1780]) ; (23-24):129-176, pl.265-288,(1780).

Plotz, C.,1884 : Die Hesperiinen-Gattung Ismene Sw. und ihre Arten.
Stett. ent. Ztg. 45(1-3):51-66.

Elwes, H.J. & J. Edwards,1897 : A Revision of the Oriental Hesperiidae.
Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 14(4):101-324, pls.18-27.

Lucas, T.P.,1900 : New Species of Queensland Lepidoptera.
Proc. R. Soc. Qd. 15:137-161.

Mabille, P.,1904 : Genera Insectorum. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera. Fam. Hesperidae in Wytsman.
Genera Insectorum 17(A):1-78(1903), (B):79-142(1904), (C):143-182(1904), (D):183-210 (1904).

Fruhstorfer, H.,1911 : Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 25(2-6):9-79, pl.1.

1999.07.31 - 2017.08.31.