Cethosia biblis biblis  (Drury, [1773])

Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Un. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Un. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Un.
♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. ♀ Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Un. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Un. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Un.
♂, Purachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Un. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Up. Cethosia biblis biblis ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

ON : Papilio biblis Drury, [1773]
OD : Ill. nat. Hist. index et : 9-10, pl.4, fig.2,♂,♂(Un).
TL : China.
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
Hainan, Hong Kong, S.China.

● ssp.biblis
ssp.perakana
Cethosia biblis biblis map

Synonyms

Alazonia simbiblis Hubner, [1819] : Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3):46.
Cethosia thebava Grose-Smith, 1887 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. Soc. 5(19):296-297. TL. Yendaw, Burmah.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♀.forma.viridiana Fruhstorfer, 1906 : Wien. ent. Ztg. 25:331. TL. Tonkin.
Cethosia biblis tonkingiana Stichel, 1907 : Gen. Ins. fasc. 63:23. TL. Tonking.
Cethosia biblis hainana Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(34):135. TL. Hainan.
Cethosia biblis phanaroia Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:498. TL. Wang lan I. Hongkong.
Cethosia biblis tisamena Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:499. TL. India.
Cethosia biblis tisamena f.mixta Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:499. TL. Sikkim.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Cethosia biblis ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 331. (Siam)
Cethosia biblis viridiana ; Godfrey,1916 : 126.
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Pendlebury,1923 : 37. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River; Lan Saka; Khao Ram; Khao Luang)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Godfrey,1930 : 270. (all over)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Godfrey,1932a : 268. (P)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 73. (Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep; Nan forest; Koon Tarn)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Pinratana,1979 : 18, figs.N26a♂,♀,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi; Tak; Chanthaburi)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Pinratana,1979 : 20, figs.N26s♀,♀(Un,ab.). (Nakhon Nayok: Sarika Waterfall)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 17, pl.2, figs.3a♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Tak; Kanchanaburi; Chanthaburi)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 17. (Ranong) (in part)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 49, fig.104,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 348, pl.148, figs.N3a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 348, pl.149, figs.N3b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ranong)
Cethosia biblis peraka [sic] ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 378, pl.161, figs.N206a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 378, pl.162, figs.N206b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ranong)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Phetchabun; Chaiyaphum)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 44, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Par Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Chiang Mai; Doi Pa Chang; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Kratching WF; Kao Soi Dao; Kao Chamaoh; Doi Musso; Mae Sohd; Sai York Noi)
Cethosia biblis perakana ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 44, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kam Puan; Muang Shone; Khlong Naka) (in part)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Cethosia biblis viridiana ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 499. (Luang Prabang)
Cethosia biblis ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Laos)
Cethosia biblis f.biblis ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 36. (Laos)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 54, pl.45, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Nam Moh; Nam Ngum Dam)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.49, figs.♂,♀,♀. (Thabok; Phong Saly)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Namdhua; Nhahin; Nakai)
Cethosia biblis tisamena ; Onodera,2009b : 35,38,41,42,43. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham; Houaphan: Phu Phan; Khammouan: Nacay; Bolikhamxai: Phon Si)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ VIETNAM ]
Cethosia biblis ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 331. (Tonkin / Annam)
Cethosia biblis viridiana ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 499. (Tonkin / Annam)
Cethosia viridiana ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Tonkin)
Cethosia biblis f.biblis ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 36. (Cochinchine / Annam / Tonkin)
Cethosia biblis f.viridiana ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 36. (Tonkin / Annam)
Cethosia biblis viridiana ; Moulton,1923 : 130. (Pulo Condore)
Cethosia biblis ; Lemee,1950 : 11. (Hagiang)
Cethosia viridiana ; Lemee,1950 : 11. (Hagiang)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Cethosia biblis biblis ab.♀.viridiana ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (C)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 30, figs.2:9,♂,10,♂(Un),11,♀, fig.9:10(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Luong et al.,2004 : 5, 55, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Cethosia biblis ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 40. (Thua Thien Hue: A Luoi; Bach Ma)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 15, figs.N-5,♂,♀,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Gung Re)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 30. (N / C / S)
Cethosia biblis biblis ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):165-166, pl.19, figs.3a♂,3b♂(Un),3c♀. (N: Muong Nhe; Hoang Lien; Van Ban; Ba Be; Na Hang; Ba Vi; Tam Dao; Cuc Phuong; Pu Luong / C: Ben En; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Huong Son; A Luoi; Bach Ma; Son Thanh; Ba To; Kon Plong; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Hon Ba; Bi Doup-Nui Ba; Bu Gia Map; Chu Yang Sin; Loc Bac; Bao Lam; Da Teh; Cat Loc / S: Cat Tien; Con Dao)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 9♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 4♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nongkhai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Prachuap Khiri Khan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂ 3♀ (incl.photo & photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 3♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in secondary forest and open land at low to high elevations (alt.30m - 1600m).


Literature

Drury, D.,[1773] : Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects.
1(index): xiii pp, 50 pls. London.

Hubner, J.,1816-1826 : Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge.
Augsburg, Author. 431+72pp.

Grose-Smith, H.,1887 : Descriptions of three new Species of Butterflies from Burmah.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)19:296-297.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1906 :
Verzeichnis der von Mir in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Nymphaliden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Wien. ent. Ztg 25:307-362, 2 pls.

Stichel, H.,1907 :
Lepidoptera Rhopalocera, Family Nymphalidae, subfamily Dioninae.
Gen. Insectorum 63:38 pp, 3 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Neue indische Tagfalter-Formen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(34):135.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1912 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
497-504. (15.Apr.1912)


Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Cethosia biblis biblis ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Cethosia biblis biblis ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♂ Cethosia biblis biblis ♀
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Cethosia biblis biblis ♀
♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

2007.10.20 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.