Acraea terpsicore  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Acraea terpsicore ♂ Up. Acraea terpsicore ♂ Un. Acraea terpsicore ♀ Up. Acraea terpsicore ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Acraea terpsicore ♂ Up. Acraea terpsicore ♂ Un. Acraea terpsicore ♀ Up. Acraea terpsicore ♀ Un.
♂, Chonburi, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio terpsicore Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. Nat. (Edn.10) : 466.
TL : Asia.
Distribution : Sri Lanka, Bhutan, India to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S.Yunnan, Hainan,
Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore.
Acraea terpsicore map

Synonyms

Papilio violae Fabricius, 1775 ; Syst. Ent. : 460. TL. 'violis, boragine Indiae orientalis'
Papilio cephea Cramer, 1780 ; Uitl. Kapellen 4(25-26a):18, pl.298, figs.D,E. TL. Cote de Coromandel.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Acraea violae ; Kimura,1994 : 18, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (except P)
Acraea violae ; Nishimura,1994 : 200-202, figs.1,♂,2(map). (Loei: Phu Sawan; Nan: Pua; Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao; Doi Pui; San Sai; Hot; Doi Tao; Lampang: Mae Tha; Lamphum: Doi Chang; Phrae: Wang Chin)
Acraea violae ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 16, pl.1, figs.1,♂,♀,♂(Un). (Lampang; Chaiyaphum etc.)
Acraea violae ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 24, fig.62,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Acraea violae ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49. (Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap)
Acraea violae ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 348, pl.148 figs.N1,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bangkok; Kanchanaburi; Chiang Mai)
Acraea violae ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan)
Acraea violae ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 376, pl.161 figs.N204,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bangkok; Kanchanaburi; Chiang Mai)
Acraea violae ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Pathum Thani)
Acraea violae ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 43, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Thoen)

[ LAOS ]
Acraea violae ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.46, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Vientiane)
Acraea violae ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Acraea violae ; Onodera,2009 : 40, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)

[ VIETNAM ]
Telchinia violae ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 234. (Cochinchine)
Telchinia violae ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (S)
Acraea violae ; Nishimura,1994 : 200-202, figs.1,♂,2(map). (Binh Dinh: Qui Nhon; Dong Nai: Dinh Quan)
Acraea violae ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Acraea violae ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 15, figs.N-1,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Ho Chi Minh)
Acraea violae ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 30. (N / C / S)
Acraea violae ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40, figs.52,♀,52v♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Acraea violae ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Coto)
Acraea terpsicore ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):161-162, pl.18, figs.4a♂,4b♀. (N: Tam Dao / C: Ben En; Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Phong Nha-Ke Bang; Ba Na; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Yok Don; Dong Xuan; Bao Lam; Da Teh; Loc Bac; Bi Doup-Nui Ba; Nui Chua; Cat Loc / S: Cat Tien; Lo Go Sa Mat; Con Dao)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 10♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Rayong : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butteffly is common in fields, open land, wasteland and roadside around secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 800m).
This species is thought to be a migrant from India - Sri Lanka, and has been rapidly expanding its distribution since discovery in the Indochina region in the early 1980s. It is now found not only throughout Indochina, and even as far as the Malay Peninsula and Singapore.


Literature

Petiver, J.,1702 : Gazophylacium naturae et artis.
Bateman. 104 pp.

Linnaeus, 1758 : Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I.
10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10)1:1-338, 339-824.

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Le Doux C.,1928 : Acraeen - Studien 111 (Lep. mop.) 1. Die nomenklature und der Formenkreis von Acraea eponina Cr.
Deut. ent. Zeit. 1928:97-115, 2.pls.

Nishimura, M.,1994 : Notes on Acraea violae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Acraeinae) from Indo-China.
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan. 45(3):200-202. 2 figs. (in Japanese)

Pierre, J. & Bernaud, D.,1997 : Acraea tepsicore (Linne), problemes de nomenclature et donnees biologiques (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)
Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 102(5):405-412.

Honey, M.R. & Scoble, M.J.,2001 : Linnaeus's butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea)
Zool. J. linn. Soc. 132:277-399.

Vane-Wright, R.I.,2007 : Linnaeus' Butterflies
The Linnean Special Issue (7):59-74.


Acraea terpsicore Acraea terpsicore
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Acraea terpsicore Acraea terpsicore
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Acraea terpsicore
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan), Thailand.

2019.09.30 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.