Terinos clarissa militum  Oberthür,1897

Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Un. Terinos clarissa militum ♀ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♀ Un.
♂, Ninh Binh, Vietnam. ♀, Ninh Binh, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Un. Terinos clarissa militum ♀ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♀ Un.
♂, Mukdahan, Thailand. ♀, Mukdahan, Thailand.
Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Un. Terinos clarissa militum ♀ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♀ Un.
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Un. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Up. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Un.
♂ (dsf), Vientiane, Laos. ♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.

Terinos atlita ikarii ♂ apex, Un. Terinos atlita ikarii ♂ genitalia Terinos clarissa militum ♂ apex, Un. Terinos clarissa militum ♂ genitalia
atlita ikarii, Unf apex and Male genitalia clarissa militum, Unf apex and Male genitalia

ON : Terinos militum Oberthür,1897
OD : Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1897(11):175-176, text-fig.3(♂).
TL : Haut-Tonkin.

Distribution : Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S.W.Guangxi.

Synonyms

Terinos clarissa falcata Fruhstorfer,1898 : Soc. ent. 13(10):74. TL. Siam.
Terinos falcipennis Lathy,1900 : Entomologist 33:213. TL. Siam. (♂, NHML)
Terinos atlita guangxiensis Chou,1994 : Monograph. Rhop. Sin. 2:459,761, 460,figs.♂,♂(Un). TL. Guangxi. (♂, NAUEM)


Type Materials Information

falcipennis : Syntype 1♂, Siam. (NHML, photo examined.)
guangxiensis : Holotype ♂, 1984.v.25. Guangxi. Z.Wu & X.Lu. (NAUEM)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Terinos falcata ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 337. (Hinlap)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 495. (Hinlap)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Godfrey,1930 : 270. (Hinlap / Muak Lek) (in part)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Pinratana,1979 : 17, figs.N25a,♂,♂(Un). (Chanthaburi / Kao Yai / Ratchaburi / Prachinburi) (in part)
Terinos atlita militum ; Kimura,1994 : 18, figs.7♂,8♂(Un),9♀,10♀(Un). (except Peninsula)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Pinratana,1996 : 28, pl.11, figs.24a,♂,♀. (Chaiyaphum / Nakhon Nayok / Chanthaburi / Prachinburi / Ratchaburi) (in part)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 254, fig.85♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 25. (Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan / Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Nam Tok Tad Ton ; Nam Tok Kham Cha I ; Ban Na Lak ; Ban Gok Tum)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49. (Mukdahan: Phu Hin Khan ; Nam Tok Tad Ton / Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Pung)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 364, pl.156, figs.N25a,♂,♂(Un). (Khao Yai)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 392, pl.169, figs.N227a,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Khao Yai / Pang Sida) (in part)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 53. (by literature)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 54, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bung Kahn / Phu Khiewo / Kao Yai / Ratchaburi) (in part)
Terinos clarissa militum ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2019- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Ratchasima / Sa Kaeo)

[ LAOS ]
Terinos nympha f.militum ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 36. (Laos)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 54, pl.44, figs.5♂,6♂(Un),7♀,8♀(Un). (Vang Vieng / Phaton / Vientiane / Tha Ngone / Luang Prabang / Nam Ngum Dam)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.49, fig.♂. (Vientiane)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Namdhua)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Onodera,2009b : 39. (Bolikhamxai: Thabok)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Onodera,2009b : 43. (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si)
Terinos clarissa falcata ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Terinos militum ; Joannis,1901 : 325. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Terinos militum ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 336. (Tonkin: Than Moi)
Terinos clarissa militum ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 495. (Tonkin: Than Moi)
Terinos clarissa f.malayana ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 36. (Cochinchine: Gyarai)
Terinos nympha f.militum ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 36. (Annam / Tonkin)
Terinos militum ; Lemee,1950 : 11. (Hagiang)
Terinos clarissa malayana ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (S)
Terinos militum ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Terinos atlita falcata ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 30, figs.2:6♂,7♂(Un),8♀, fig.9:9(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Terinos atlita miletum (sic) ; Hao et al.,2004 : 5, 56, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Terinos atlita militum ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 15, fig.N-8♀. (Lam Dong: Dai Duc Me)
Terinos clarissa malayana ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, fig.N-9♂. (Lam Dong: Dai Duc Me ; Madagui)
Terinos clarissa militum ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 31. (C / S)
Terinos clarissa militum ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nongkai : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Mukdahan : 5♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 3♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 6♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Ninh Binh : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The classification of atlita and this species in continental taxon has long been confused. Fruhstorfer,1912 in Seitz regarded militum, falcata and lioneli as subspecies of clarissa, After that Tsukada,1985 regarded them as subspecies of atlita. However, in fact, the continental militum, falcata and lioneli are clarissa as Fruhstorfer pointed out.
The identification between atlita and clarissa; In atlita the dark brown spot present in the center of submarginal pale purple mark of space 7 of the unf, while in clarissa, this mark at the inside.
The butteffly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations.

Literature

Oberthür, C.,1897 : Descriptions de Lepidopteres nouveaux.
Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1897(11):173-180, 5 figs, 188-194, 7 figs.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1898 : Neue Lepidopteren aus Ostasien
Soc. ent. 13(10):74.

Lathy, P.I.,1900 : Three new species of Nymphalinae from Siam
Entomologist 33:213-215.

Tsukada, E.,1985 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands. IV Nymphalidae (1).
Plapac Co., Ltd. 558 pp. 158.col.pls.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

Lang, S.,2009 : A Study on the systematics of Nymphalidae (excepting Satyrinae) from China (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Beijing, P.R.China.

Saito, K. & Y. Inayoshi,2018 : New Taxa and new records of butterflies from Indochina.
Butterflies 79:28-57.

Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Terinos clarissa militum ♀
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Terinos clarissa militum ♀
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Terinos clarissa militum ♂ Terinos clarissa militum ♀
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.

2007.10.20 - 2019.12.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.