Charaxes bernardus hierax   Felder & Felder,[1867]


ON : Charaxes hierax  Felder & Felder,[1867]
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):442-443.
TL : Assam.

Distribution : Assam to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, S.Vietnam.


Synonyms

Charaxes hipponax  Felder & Felder,[1867] : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):443.  TL. Assam.
Charaxes pleistoanax  Felder & Felder,[1867] : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):443-444.  TL. Assam.
Charaxes corax  Felder & Felder,[1867] : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):444.  TL. India septentrionalis.
Charaxes harpax  Felder & Felder,[1867] : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):444-445.  TL. no loc. [N.India]
Charaxes khasianus  Butler,1872 : Lep. exot. : 98, pl.37, fig.6,(‰,Š)  TL. Khasia Hills ; N.E.Bengal.
Charaxes agna  Moore,[1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):832.  TL. Moolai, Tenasserim.
Charaxes watti  Butler,1880 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880(2):148.  TL. Upper Assam.
Charaxes hieraxvar. naganum  Tytler,1911 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(1):55.  TL. Naga Hills.
Charaxes polyxena hierax f.rossa  Fruhstorfer,1914 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde. 9:732. TL. Assam (Khasia - Naga Hills).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Charaxes polyxena agna ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 732. (Siam)
Charaxes polyxena corax ; Godfrey,1916 : 133.
Charaxes polyxena hierax f.hierax ; Godfrey,1930 : 302-303. (Prae: Me Song forest / Chiang Rai / Me Wong)
Charaxes polyxena hierax f.agna ; Godfrey,1930 : 303. (Pak Jong / Muak Lek / Chonburi: Sriracha)
Charaxes polyxena agna ; Talbot,1936 ; 57.
Charaxes polyxena agna ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 77.
Charaxes polyxena crepax ; Reeves,1966 : 17. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Pinratana,1979 : 105, fig.N177a,‰,‰(Un),‰,‰,Š.
  (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Kao Yai / Phitsanulok / Ratchaburi)
Charaxes bernardus agna  ; Pinratana,1979 : 105, not fig. (List up only.)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Pinratana,1996 : 96, pl.70, fig.181a,‰(f.hierax),‰(f.hipponax),‰(f.pleistonax), pl.71,fig.181a,Š.
  (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Chonburi / Phisanulok / Chanthaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Kanchanaburi / Ratchaburi)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 31, fig.84‰. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 52. 59, fig.22‰.
  (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi / Mukdahan: Nam Tok Tad Ton)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Katsuyama et al,2005 : 71, fig.176‰. (Umphang: Tha-Sai ; Umphang)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Katsuyama et al,2006 : 50, fig.130‰. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 476,478, pl.212, fig.N194a,f.hierax‰,‰(Un),‰(f.paleistonax),‰(f.hipponax),
  Š,Š(Un). (Chiang Rai: Wiang Pa Pao / Chaiyaphum: Phu Khieo)

[ LAOS ]
Charaxes polyxena f.corax ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 47. (Laos)
Charaxes polyxena f.hipponax ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 47. (Luang-Prabang)
Charaxes polyxena f.khasianus ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 47. (Thado)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 63, pl.79, figs.1,2. (Vang Vieng / Phatong)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.82, figs.‰,Š,‰,‰,‰,‰(Un),‰(Un),‰(Un),Š.
  (Lak Sao / Xaignabouri / Thabok / Nam Tha)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 43. (Thabok / Namdhua)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Onodera,2009b : 35,39,41,42,43. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside / Bolikhamxai: Thabok; Phon Si / Khammouan: Nacay)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : fig.Š. (Botum Sakor NP.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Charaxes polyxena f.khasianus ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 47. (Lao-Kay)
Charaxes bernardus hierax ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 35, figs.N-116‰,‰,Š.
  (Lam Dong: Dambri / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Charaxes bernardus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 42. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.     1984.03.14   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Huai Pung.      1993.02.14   1‰       P.Sukkit      (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Poo Pan.     1993.10.25   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1983.03.04   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1983.03.05   3‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1983.03.09   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1988.03.16       1Š   Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1990.07.29   1‰       K.Yasuda      (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1993.03.21   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1994.04.04   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1994.04.14   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1994.04.23   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1993.11.07   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1994.12.20       1Š   Local Catcher (YI)
 Phrae, Wang Chin.                 1990.01.04       1Š   Local Catcher (YI)
 Phrae, Wang Chin.                 1989.09.29       1Š   Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.03.--   4‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1990.03.19   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.04.--   2‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.06.--   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.10.--   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Tak, Taksin Maharat N.P.          1991.02.26   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.        1984.03.20   3‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.01.25   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1982.11.11   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1982.11.20   1‰       Local Catcher (YI)
 Trat, Ko Chang, Klong Plu.        1996.03.18   1‰       Y.Inayoshi    (YI)
 Phetchaburi, Kaeng Kra Chan.      1993.03.20   1‰       P.Sukkit      (YI)

Notes
Literature

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Butler, A.G.,1869-1874 : Lepidoptera exotica, or Descriptions an Illustrations of Exotic Lepidoptera.
London, E.W.Janson 4to:[vi]+190+[vi] pp, pls,1-64 (20 parts)

Moore, F.,[1879] :
A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim, with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.

Butler, A.G.,1880 : On new and little-known butterflies from India.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1880(2):147-152, pl,15.

Tytler, H.,1911 : Notes on butterflies from the Naga Hills.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(1):48-65, pl.A.

2006.12.09 - 2010.05.15.