Polyura nepenthes nepenthes  (Grose-Smith,1883)

Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Up. Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Un. Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Up. Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Up. Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Un. Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Up. Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Charaxes nepenthes Grose-Smith,1883
OD : Ent. mon. Mag. 20:58.
TL : Siam. (♂, NHML)



Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam. Hainan.
nepenthes map

Synonym

Eriboea nepenthes fugator Fruhstorfer,1914 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde. 9:723. TL. Tonkin. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

nepenthes :
Lectotype ♂, Siam. designated by R.L.Smiles,1979. (NHML)
Paralectotypes 2♂, Siam. designated by R.L.Smiles,1979. (NHML)
fugator : Lectotype ♂, Indochina. H.Fruhstorfer. designated by R.L.Smiles,1979.(NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Eulepis nepenthes ; Godfrey,1916 : 133. (by Bingham, Faun.Br.Ind. Butts. 1:226)
Eulepis nepenthes nepenthes ; Godfrey,1930 : 301-302. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Pinratana,1979 : 100, figs.N172,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Phetchabun / Phitsanulok)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Smiles,1984 : 208. (Siam)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Hanafusa,1989 : 10-11, pl.3, figs.3-5♂, 7-8♀, pl.2, figs.11♀(Un), 12♂(Un). (Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Pinratana,1996 : 100, pl.78, figs.193,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Phetchabun / Phitsanulok)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 492, pl.220, figs.N206,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Dao / Wang Chin)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 362, pl.154, figs.N191,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Dao / Wang Chin)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai / Phetchabun)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 135, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Doi Chiang Dao / Thung Saleng Luang)

[ LAOS ]
Eriboea nepenthes ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 233. (Laos)
Eriboea nepenthes f.fugator ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 46. (Laos)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Smiles,1984 : 208. (Vang Vieng. by litareture, Morishita,1977:5)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 62, pl.78, figs.3,4. (Vang Vieng)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.79, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Lak Sao / Vang Vieng)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Onodera,2009b : 39,41. (Bolikhamxai: Thabok / Khammouan: Nacay)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 47.

[ VIETNAM ]
Eriboea nepenthes fugator ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 723. (Tonkin: Chiem Hoa)
Eriboea nepenthes ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 233. (Tonkin)
Eriboea fugator ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 233. (Tonkin)
Erobpea nepenthes ; Lemee,1950 : 16. (Hagiang)
Erobpea nepenthes fugator ; Metaye,1957 : 99. (N)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Smiles,1984 : 208. (Tong / [Ko-Tich] / Cha Pa / [Riviere Noire] / [Mont Bavi] / Chiem Hoa / Van Bu)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 37, figs.8:3♂,4♂(Un), fig.9:45(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Polyura nepenthes nepenther ; Hao et al.,2004 : 8, 71, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 42. (N / C: to Quang Binh)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 12♂ 1♀ (incl.photo & photo by M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 2♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in low to moderate montane forest.

Literature

Grose-Smith, H.,1883 : Descriptions of three new species of Charaxes.
Ent. mon. Mag. 20:57-58.

Hanafusa, H.,1989 : Notes on Polyura nepenthes Grose-Smith. (in Japanese)
Futao 2:10-13.

Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂ Polyura nepenthes nepenthes ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2006.12.09 - 2019.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.