Polyura jalysus jalysus  (Felder & Felder, [1867])

Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Up. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Un. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Up. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Up. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Un. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Up. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.
Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Up. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Un. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Up. Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Charaxes jalysus Felder & Felder, [1867]
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):438-439, pl.59, fig.5.
TL : Malacca Interior. (NHML)
Distribution : Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, W.Malaysia, Sumatra.

● ssp.jalysus
ssp.ephebus
Polyura jalysus jalysus map

Type Materials Information

Lectotype ♂, West Malaysia. designated by R.L.Smiles,1978. (NHML)
Paralectotypes 1♂ 1♀, West Malaysia. designated by R.L.Smiles,1978. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Eriboea jalysus ; Godfrey,1930 : 301. (Pattani: Khao Kalakiri) (in part)
Eriboea jalysus ephebus ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 76. (Chonburi: Sriracha; Lampang; Koon Tarn; Prayao: Me Tum forest)
Polyura jalysus ephebus ; Pinratana,1979 : 99, figs.N170a♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Chanthaburi)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Pinratana,1979 : 99, figs.N170b♂,♂(Un). (Yala; Narathiwat)
Polyura jalysus ephebus ; Smiles,1984 : 189. (Nakhon Phanom: 'Tha Uthen'; [Muok-Lek]) (in part)
Polyura jalysus ephebus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 99, pl.76, figs.191a♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Chanthaburi)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 99, pl.76, figs.191b♂,♂(Un). (Yala)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 488, pl.218, figs.N204a♂,♂(Un). (Yala)
Polyura jalysus ephebus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 488, pl.218, figs.N204b♂,♂(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 356, pl.151, figs.N187,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao; Yala)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Ratchaburi; Sa Kaeo; Chiang Mai; Phetchabun) (accessed: 2021.07.01)
Polyura jalysus ephebus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 134, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Pliewn WF)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 134, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Than To WF)

[ LAOS ]
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 62, pl.77, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un). (Pakse; NH)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.78, figs.♂,♂(Un) (Vang Vieng)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Onodera,2009b : 43, fig.30,♂(Un). (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 47.

[ VIETNAM ]
Eriboea jalysus ephebus ; Fruhstorfer,1912-1915 : 722. (Tonkin: Chiem Hoa)
Eriboea jalysus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 233. (Tonkin)
Eriboea ephebus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 233. (Tonkin)
Eriboea jalysus f.ephebus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 46. (Tonkin: Chiem-Hoa)
Eriboea jalysus ephebus ; Metaye,1957 : 99. (N)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Smiles,1984 : 188. (Bao Ha; Chiem Hoa; Tong)
Polyura jalisus [sic] ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 42. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 38, fig.N-121,♂. (Lam Dong: Madagui)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 42. (N / C / S)
Polyura jalysus jalysus ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):89-90, pl.13, figs.4a♂,4b♂(Un),4c♀. (C: Xuan Lien; Ben En; Pu Mat; Huong Thuy; Ba Na; Bu Gia Map / S: Cat Tien; La Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 14♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 4♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.350m - 1000m) and is frequently found on hilltops. Males are territorial on trees.
Some specimens from northern Thailand show a slightly transition to ssp.ephebus. It is curious that it has not been found on peninsular Thailand, with the exception of Yala in the southernmost part of the country. Further distributional research is needed.


Literature

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Smiles, R.L.,1982 : The taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Polyura Billberg (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
Bull. Brit. Mus. Ent. (Nat. Hist.) 44(3):115-237. London.


Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.
Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂ Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Polyura jalysus jalysus ♂
♂ (territorial behavior) with P.schreiber, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2006.12.09 - 2021.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.