Penthema darlisa mimetica  Lathy, 1900

Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♀ Un.
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi) ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Un.
♂, Sekong, Laos. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

ON : Penthema mimetica Lathy, 1900
OD : Entomologist 33:213-214.
TL : Pak Jong, Siam. (♀, NHML)
Distribution : C. & S.E.Thailand, Cambodia, S.Laos,
C. & S.Vietnem.
● ssp.darlisa
ssp.melema
transition zone of melema and mimetica
ssp.mimetica
ssp.merguia
Penthema darlisa mimetica map

Synonyms

Penthema annamitica Fruhstorfer, 1901 : Soc. ent. 16(12):89. TL. Xom-Gom, S.Annam. (MNHN)
Penthema darlisa annamitica f.telearchides Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:464. TL.S.Annam. (MNHN)


Type Materials Information

mimetica
Holotype ♀, Rh10564. Pak Jong, Siam. (NHML, examined) ; Neallotype ♂, Ranawng (Ranong), Siam. A.F.G.Kerr. (NHML, examined)
annamitica ; Syntypes ♂,♀, 17.Feb.1900. Xom-Gom, S.Annam. (MNHN)
telearchides ; Syntype ♂, S.Annam. (MNHN)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 464. (Korat)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Godfrey,1916 : 125. (Chonburi: Hup Bon; Pak Jong)
Penthema binghami mimetica ; Godfrey,1930 : 266. (Pak Jong; Chonburi: Hup Bon) (in part)
Penthema binghami mimetica ; Godfrey,1932a : 268. ('Kraburi, Ranong')
Penthema darlisa darlisa ; Pinratana,1979 : 6, fig.N8b♂. ('Kanchanaburi' [loc.err.])
Penthema binghami mimetica ; Pinratana,1979 : 7, figs.N9,♂♂(UN), N9a,♂. (Chanthaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Penthema binghami mimetica ; Pinratana,1988 : 19, pl.20, fig.45,♂(ab.). (Chaiyaphum; Chanthaburi; Nakhon Panom; 'Phitsanulok'; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 261-262, pl.102, figs.S50a♂(Khao Yai), ♂,♂(Un)(Phu Khieo). (Phu Khieo; Khao Yai)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 261-262, pl.103, figs.S50c♂(top,left),♂(Un,top,right). (Phu Khieo) (in part)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 260, pl.102, figs.N85b♂,♂(Un)(Phu Khieo),♂,♂(Un)(Phu Khieo),♂(Kao Yai). (Phu Khieo; Khao Yai) (in part)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima; Chanthaburi; Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2022.04.27)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 160, figs.♂,♂(Un)(Phu Khiewo),♂,♂(Un)(Phu Khiewo),♂,♂(Un)(Wan Nam Khiewo). (Phu Khiewo; Wan Nam Khiewo) (in part)

[ LAOS ]
Penthema darlisa annamitica ; Saito & Inayoshi,2018 : 29, figs.14,♂,♂(Un). (Sekong)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Penthema darlisa ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Penthema binghami mimetica ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Penthema darlisa annamitica ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 464. (S.Annam)
Penthema darlisa f.annamitica ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 35. (Annam)
Penthema darlisa f.telearchides ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 35. (S.Annam)
Penthema darlisa annamitica ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (C)
Penthema darlisa annamitica f.telearchides ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (C)
Penthema darlisa ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Penthema darlisa annamitica ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 42-43, pl.9, figs.2a♂,2b♂(Un),2c♂,2d♂(Un). (C: Ba Na; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Bach Ma / S: Cat Tien)
Penthema darlisa annamitica ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 28, figs.S-10,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me)
Penthema darlisa annamitica ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 21. (C / S: Quang Nam to Dong Nai)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40, 48, figs.36,♂,♂(Un),37,♀,♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 5♂ (incl.photo by M.Hayashi & T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 4♂ 4♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Sekong : 2012.04.15. 1♂ K.Phongpiyamit (YI) ; 2012.07.12. 1♂ K.Phongpiyamit (YI)
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

It is the first record from Laos.
The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.300m - 900m). Males are territorial on trees. Both sexes are polymorphic, with f.darlisa a mimic of Euploea mulciber and f.binghami mimicking other Euploea species. In flight, it looks similar to the model.
The populations in central Thailand is highly variable, with individuals intermediate between ssp.melema and ssp.mimetica are often found. This area is considered a transition zone between two subspecies. The locality of Neallotype male is 'Ranawng (Ranong) Siam', but it is doubtful.


Literature

Lathy, P.I.,1900 : Three new species of Nymphalinae from Siam.
Entomologist 33:213-215.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Eine neue Nymphalide aus Annam.
Soc. ent. 16(12):89.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1912 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
457-488. (18.Mar.1912)

Riley, N.D.,1932 : Descriptions of New Siamese Rhopalocera.
J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam Suppl. 8(4):249-254. 1 pl.


Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂
♂ (both form darlisa & binghami), Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂ Penthema darlisa mimetica ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.

1998.12.28 - 2022.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.