Penthema darlisa darlisa  Moore, 1878

Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♀ Up. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Un. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Up. Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.

ON : Penthema darlisa Moore, 1878
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):829.
TL : Meetan, Upper Tenasserim.
Distribution : Myanmar, W.Thailand (Tak - Kanchanaburi),
Yunnan.
● ssp.darlisa
ssp.melema
transition zone of melema and mimetica
ssp.mimetica
ssp.merguia
Penthema darlisa darlisa map

Synonyms

Penthema binghami Wood-Mason, 1881 : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal II 50:87, pl.4, fig.1,♂. TL. Thoungyeen forest.
Penthema darlisa shania Tytler, 1940 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:112. TL. Karen Hills.
Penthema darlisa cooperi Tytler, 1940 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:112. TL. Kanbank, Tavoy.
Penthema darlisa pallida Li, 1994 : in Monog. Rhop. Sinensium, 2:758, figs.1:368,♂, 369,♀. TL. Yunnan.


Type Material Information

darlisa ; ♀, Type (red), Rh8972, Apr. Meetan, 3000ft. (NHML, examined)
binghami ; ♂, Type, Thoungyun Forest. (NZC) ; Sheela et al.,2019 : 242, figs.♂,♂(Un).
shania ; ♂, Type HT (red), 4.26. Karen Hills, 2000. (NHML, examined) ; ♀, Allotype (red), 10.4.24. Maymyo. (NHML, examined)
cooperi ; ♂, Type (red), Mar.-Apr.1927. Kanbank, Tavoy. (NHML, examined) ; ♀, Allotype (red), Apr.1924. Tavoy. (NHML, examined)
pallida ; ♂, Holotype, 17-18.Jun.1990. Fugong, Yunnan. (Kunming Institute of Zoology) ; ♀, Allotype, 17-18.Apr.1990. Fugong, Yunnan. (Kunming Institute of Zoology)
Paratypes : 1♂, 24.May.1990. Jinghong, Yunnan. (Kunming Institute of Zoology) ; 1♂, 23.Jun.1984. Menghai, Yunnan. (Kunming Institute of Zoology)All Coll. Li Changlian.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Penthema darlisa melema ; Pinratana,1979 : 6. (Tak) (in part)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Pinratana,1988 : 19. (Kanchanaburi; Tak) (in part)
Penthema darlisa melema ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Penthema darlisa darlisa ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Kanchanaburi) (accessed: 2022.04.27)
Penthema darlisa mimetica ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 160, figs.♂(Thung Pha Phum),♂(Un),♂(Sai Yok Noi),♂(Un). (Doi Musso; Thung [Thong] Pha Phum; Pealok; Sai Yok Noi) (in part)
Penthema darlisa darlisa ; Saito & Inayoshi,2022b : 24, figs.5,♂,5v♂(Un),6,♀,6v♀(Un),7,♂,7v♂(Un). (Tak; Kanchanaburi)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Tak : 6♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 8♂ 2♀ (incl.photo & photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

New to Thailand. The butterfly is locally common in montane bamboo forest at moderate elevations (Alt.550m - 900m).
In Kimura et al.,2014, among those treated as ssp.mimetica, the populations from Tak to Kanchanaburi, such as Doi Musso, Thong Pha Phum, Pealok, Sai Yok Noi, etc., are considered to belong to the nominotypical subspecies from Myanmar. The population in this region is rather variable and individuals very similar to cooperi and shania are found sympatrically.


Literature

Moore, F,1878 : A list of the Lepidopterous Insects collected by Mr. Ossian Limborg in Upper Tenasserim, with Descriptions of new Species
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, pl.51-53(1879)

Woo-Mason, J.,1881 : On some Lepidopterous Insects belonging to the Rhopalocerous Genera Euripus and Penthema from India and Burmah.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal II 50:85-87, 2pls.

Tytler, H.,1940 : Notes on Some New and Interesting Butterflies chiefly from Burma. Part.2.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 42:109-123.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.


Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂ (f.binghami), Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
(photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)
Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Penthema darlisa darlisa ♀
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.
Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂ Penthema darlisa darlisa ♂
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.

2019.02.28 - 2023.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.