Lethe gulnihal peguana  (Moore, [1892])

Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Up. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Un. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♀ Up. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Up. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Un. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♀ Up. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Up. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Un. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♀ Up. Lethe gulnihal peguana ♀ Un.
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Rangbia peguana Moore, [1892]
OD : Lep. Ind. 1: 235-236.
TL : Karen Hills, Pegu, Burma. (NHML)
Distribution : Myanmar, N.Thailand, Laos,
Vietnam, S.Yunnan.
Lethe gulnihal peguana map

Synonym

Lethe gulnihal peguana f.issa Fruhstorfer, 1911 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:323. TL. Saipha, Upper Burma.


Type Material Information

peguana ; Syntype ♂, Rh2548, Karen Hills, East Pegu. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Pinratana,1988 : 14, pl.16, figs.31,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Lethe bhairava ; Pinratana,1988 : 14, pl.16, figs.32,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 252, pl.98, figs.S34,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Lethe bhairava ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 252, pl.98, figs.S35,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 250, pl.97, figs.N70,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.03.19)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 173, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Par Hom Pok; Doi Inthanon)

[ LAOS ]
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.91, fig.♂. (Phong Saly)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Uémura,2003 : 5, fig.32 map, fig.43,♂. (Phong Saly; Xam Neua)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ VIETNAM ]
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 62, pl.17, figs.3a♂,3b♂(Un). (N: Ngai Tio)
Lethe gulnihal peguana ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 22. (N / C)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phongsaly : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Luang Prabang : 2♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (Alt.1000m - 1800m). Males are territorial on shrubs.


Literature

Moore, F.,1890-1892 : Lepidoptera Indica. vol.I. Rhopalocera, Family Nymphalidae.
1:1-192, 1890 ; 193-176, 1891 ; 177-310, 1892. L.Reeve & Co., London.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1911 : 4. Familie: Satyridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
313-328. (25.Apr.1911)


Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂ Lethe gulnihal peguana ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1998.12.26 - 2022.03.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.