Lethe chandica chandica  (Moore, [1858])

Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Up. Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Un. Lethe chandica chandica ♀ Up. Lethe chandica chandica ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Up. Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Un. Lethe chandica chandica ♀ Up. Lethe chandica chandica ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Up. Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Un. Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Up. Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Phong Saly, Laos.

ON : Debis chandica Moore, [1858]
OD : in Horsfield & Moore,
Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Co. (1):219-220.
TL : Darjeeling. (NHML)
Distribution : Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, S.E.Tibet.
● ssp.chandica
ssp.suvarna
ssp.namura
Lethe chandica chandica map

Synonym

Lethe chandica flanona Fruhstorfer, 1911 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:320. TL. Assam.


Type Materials Information

chandica ; Syntype ♂, Rh2553, Darjiling. (NHML.) ; Syntype ♀, Rh2554, Darjiling. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Lethe chandica flanona ; Godfrey,1930 : 246. (Me Lamoung; Prae: Me Song forest)
Lethe chandica flanana ; Pinratana,1988 : 13, pl.13, figs.25a♂,♀,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Tak)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 246, pl.95, figs.S27,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai) (in part)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 246, pl.95, figs.N63,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai) (in part)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Lethe chandica chandica ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chanthaburi) (in part) (accessed: 2022.02.24)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 171, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Par Hom Pok; Phu Khiewo; Kratching WF; Doi Musso; Thung Yai)

[ LAOS ]
Lethe chandica f.rahula ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 29. (Muong-Hiem)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.91, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Phong Saly)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Uémura,2003 : 4, fig.28 map, fig.40♂. (Phong Saly; Oudomxay)
Lethe chandica chandica ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Rai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 7♂ 2♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂ 1♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♀ (photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phong Saly : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.20m - 1300m).


Literature

Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1911 : 4. Familie: Satyridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
313-328. (25.Apr.1911)


Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Lethe chandica chandica ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lethe chandica chandica ♂ Lethe chandica chandica ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1998.12.18 - 2022.02.28.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.