Elymnias penanga penanga  (Westwood, 1851)

Elymnias penanga penanga ♂ Up. Elymnias penanga penanga ♂ Un. Elymnias penanga penanga ♀ Up. Elymnias penanga penanga ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Satun, Thailand.
Elymnias penanga penanga ♂ Up. Elymnias penanga penanga ♂ Un. Elymnias penanga penanga ♀ Up. Elymnias penanga penanga ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Melanitis penanga Westwood, 1851
OD : in Doubleday, Gen. diurn. Lep. (2):405.
TL : Penang. (NHML)
Distribution : P.Thailand (Nakhon Si Thammarat and Southward),
Langkawi, W.Malaysia, {Singapore}.
● ssp.chelensis
ssp.penanga
Elymnias penanga penanga map

Synomyms

Melanitis mehida Hewitson, [1863] : Ill. exot. Butts. [4]:[69], pl.[36], figs.2,♂,3,♂(Un). TL. Singapore. (NHML)
Elymnias abrisa Distant, 1886 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)17(102):531. TL. Province Wellesley, Malay Pen.
Elymnias penanga ♀f.johnsoni Talbot, 1929 : Bull. Hill Mus. 3(1):80. TL. Penang. (NHML)
Elymnias penanga ♀f.hislopi Eliot, 1967 : Entomologist 100(1):3-4. TL. Langkawi Is, Malaya.


Type Materials Information

penanga ; ♀, Type (red), Rh5075, Penang. (NHML, examined)
mehida ; ♂, Type (red), Rh5074, Singapore. (NHML, examined)
johnsoni ; ♀, Type HT (red), Penang. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Elymnias penanga chelensis ; Godfrey,1930 : 257. (Terutao [Tarutao])
Elymnias penanga penanga ; Pinratana,1988 : 10, pl.8, figs.12b♂,♀. (Trang; Yala) (in part)
Elymnias penanga penanga ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 236, pl.90, figs.S13b♂,♀(f.penanga). (in part) (Than To)
Elymnias penanga penanga ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 236, pl.90, figs.N49b♂,♀(f.penanga). (in part) (Than To)
Elymnias penanga penanga ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 166, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Ka Chong; Than To WF.) (in part)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nakhon Si Thammarat : 3♂ (incl.photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 3♂ 4♀ (incl.photo and photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is rather localized and uncommon in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.30m - 600m). In flight, male is similar to Euploea species (Danainae).


Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1850-1852 : In Doubleday et al., The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera.
vol.2 : ii + pp.251-534, pls.31-80,54. London, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

Hewitson, W.C.,[1862-1866] :
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies, selected chiefly from the Collections of W.Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson.
3:iv + [124]pp, 60 pls. Van Voorst, London.

Distant, W.L.,1886 : Contributions to a Knowledge of Malayan Entomology. Part V.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)17:530-532.

Talbot, G.,1929 : New forms of Malayan Butterflies.
Bull. Hill Mus. 3(1):78-80, pl.2.

Eliot, J.N.,1967 : Revisional Notes on oriental Butterflies, with special Reference to Malaya (Pt 1-4).
Entomologist 100(1244):3-7,(2 figs) ; (1246):66-72,(5 figs) ; (1248):137-141 ; (1249):146-156, (23figs).


Elymnias penanga penanga ♂ Elymnias penanga penanga ♀
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Elymnias penanga penanga ♂ Elymnias penanga penanga ♀
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1998.12.10 - 2022.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.