Elymnias nesaea timandra  Wallace, 1869

Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Lampang, Thailand.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Un.
♂, Phong Saly, Laos. ♀, Phong Saly, Laos.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Un.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un.
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Xaignabouri, Laos.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Un. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Up. Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Vientiane, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Elymnias timandra Wallace, 1869
OD : Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1869:326.
TL : Sylhet ; Moulmein. (NHML)
Distribution : Sikkim to N.Myanmar, N. to C.Thailand,
Laos, C.Vietnam (Lam Dong), Yunnan.
● ssp.timandra
ssp.apelles
ssp.lioneli
Elymnias nesaea timandra map

Synonym

Elymnias nesaea cortona Fruhstorfer, 1911 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:379. TL. Tenasserim, Burma. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

timandra ; ♂, Type (red), Rh6233, Shilet. (NHML, examined) ; ♀, Type (red), Moulmein. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Godfrey,1927 : 122. (N)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Godfrey,1930 : 256. (Chiang Mai)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Pinratana,1988 : 9, pl.6, figs.9a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 232, pl.88, figs.S9a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 232, pl.88, figs.N45a♂,♀. (Chiang Mai)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.01.01)
Elymnias nesaea apelles ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Phetchabun) (in part) (accessed: 2022.01.01)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 164, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Tha Ton; Bang Salok)

[ LAOS ]
Elymnias nesaea f.timandra ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 31. (Vientine)
Elymnias nesaea f.cortona ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 31. (Luang-Prabang; Vientiane; Pak-Lung)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 64, pl.82, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un). (Vientiane; Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.86, figs.♂,♀,♀. (Xiang Khouang; Xam Neua; Vientiane)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Uémura,2003 : 2, fig.10,map.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Uémura,2006 : 2, fig.6,map. (Vientiane; Nha Hin Pass)
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ VIETNAM ]
Elymnias nesaea timandra ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 28, figs.S-4,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 8♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂ (photo by M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxai : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phong Saly : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Xaignabouri : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is not rare in montane forest at moderate elevations (Alt.500m - 1300m) and males are often territorial on shrubs at hilltops. In flight, it is quite similar to Parantica aglea (Danainae).
Very curiously, individuals from Dambri, C.Vietnam are very similar to this subspecies rather than ssp.apelles, despite the more distant distribution. On the other hand, examples from Vientiane in Laos are slightly closer to ssp.apelles. I treat these as this taxon provisionally, further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Wallace, A.R.,1869 : Notes on Eastern Butterflies ; (continued).
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 17(4):321-349.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1911 : 4. Familie: Satyridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
377-384. (20.Jun.1911)

Wei, C.H., Lohman, D., Peggie, D. & Yen, S.H.,2017 : An illustrated checklist of the genus Elymnias Hübner,1818 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae).
Zookeys 676:47-152.


Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Elymnias nesaea timandra ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂ Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Elymnias nesaea timandra ♂
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)

1998.12.09 - 2022.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.