Delias pasithoe pasithoe  (Linnaeus, 1767)

Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Un Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Un
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Un Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Un
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Lampang, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Up
♂, Vin Phuc, Vietnam. ♀, Vin Phuc, Vietnam.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Tak, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♂, Phong Saly, Laos. ♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Up Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Up
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio pasithoe Linnaeus, 1767
OD : Syst. nat. (ed.12) 1(2):755.
TL : "Asia" [Canton, S.E.China]
Distribution : Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S.China.
● ssp.pasithoe
ssp.beata
ssp.parthenope
Delias pasithoe pasithoe Map

Synonyms

Papilio aglaia Linnaeus, 1758 : Syst. nat. (ed. 10) 1:465. TL. "Asia" (homonym)
Papilio dione Drury, [1773] : Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2:index, 14, pl.8, figs.3,4,♂. TL. India.
Papilio porsenna Cramer, 1775 : Uitl. Kapellen 1(1-7): 68, pl.43, figs.D♂, E♂(Un) TL. 'Batavia' [China]
Delias aglaia thyra Fruhstorfer,1905 : Ins. Borse 22:36. TL. Hinlap, Siam.
Delias aglaia tonkiniana Fruhstorfer, 1905 : Ent. Zeit. 19(14):76. TL. Tonkin. (♀)
Delias pasithoe nigrescens Talbot, 1928 : Bull. Hill Mus. 2(1):38. TL. "Cochin China". (♂, NHML)
Delias aglaia tonkiniana ab.addenda Dufrane, 1947 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 83:47. TL. station de Phu tho, Tonkin. (♀)
Delias aglaia tonkiniana ab.fasciata Dufrane, 1947 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 83:47. TL. Hoa binh, Tonkin. (♂)
Delias pasithoe f.basialba Chou, Zhang et Wang, 2001 : Entomotaxonomia 23(1):39, figs.17,♂,18,♂(Un). TL. Sichuan. (♂) (Entomological Museum, NWAFU, China)
Delias pasithoe silviae Jakusch, 2003 : Benchte des Kreises Nurnberger Entomologen 19:43-46, figs.1(HT,♀),2(HT,♀Un),3(PT,♂),4(PT,♂Un). TL. Weibche, Guizhou, China. (in coll. J.Jakusch)


Type Material Information

nigrescens ; ♂, Type HT (red), Cochin China. (NHML, examined)
basialba ; Type ♂, Luchan, Sichuan. Wang Binghong leg. (Entomological Museum, NWAFU, China)
silviae ;
Holotype ♀, Weibchen, Duyun Valley, Guizhou, China. (in coll. J.Jakusch)
Paratypes : 112♂ 20♀, same data as holotype.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Delias aglaia thyra ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 133. (Siam)
Delias aglaia thyra ; Godfrey,1916 : 114. (Prae: Me Song forest; Chonburi: Sriracha)
Delias aglaia tonkiniana ; Godfrey,1932b : 321. (Chonburi: Sriracha)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Pinratana,1983 : 7. not fig. (list only)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Pinratana,1983 : 7, pl.5, figs.8b♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai; Loei)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 18, fig.40,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 64-65, fig.46,♂. (Umphang: Tha Sai)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 130, pl.37, figs.Pi8a♂,♂(Un). (Mae Hong Son; Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Delias pasithoe siamensis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 130, pl.37, figs.Pi8b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Omkoi; Chanthaburi)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 130, pl.37, figs.Pi8c♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Phu Kha)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 167, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Khun Lao Village; Charn Phui)
Delias pasithoe siamensis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 167. (by literature)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 167, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Kao Yai; Nakhon Nayork; Wan Nam Khiewo)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 130, pl.37, figs.Pi8a♂,♂,♂(Un). (Omkoi; Mae Hong Son; Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.06.19)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Delias aglaia f.thyra ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 18. (Laos)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 48, col.pl.12, fig.♂ ; pl.15, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Nam Moh)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.29, figs.♂,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(ab.). (Lak Sao; Thabok; Oudomxay; Xaignabouri)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202. (list only)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 39. (Namdhua)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Onodera,2009b : 40,41. (Khammouan: Thakhek; Nacay)
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 42.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Delias pasithoe siamensis ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Delias pasithoe nigrescens ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Delias aglaia ; Joannis,1901 : 328. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Delias aglaia thyra ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 133. (Annam)
Delias aglaia tonkiniana ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 133. (Tonkin)
Delias aglaia thyra ; Godfrey,1919 : 464. (Lam Dang: Dalat)
Delias aglaia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 217. (Tonkin)
Delias thyra ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 217. (Tonkin)
Delias tonkiniana ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 217. (Tonkin)
Delias aglaia f.thyra ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 18. (Annam)
Delias aglaia f.tonkiniana ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 18. (Tonkin)
Delias aglaia ; Lemee,1950 : 5. (Hanoi)
Delias aglaia aglaia ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N / C / S)
Delias aglaia thyra ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (C)
Delias aglaia tonkiniana ; Metaye,1957 : 85. (N)
Delias pasithoe tonkiniana ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 19, figs.6:20♀,7:1♂,2♂(Un),10:35(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Delias pasithoe ; Vu,2003 : 56. (Phu Quoc)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Luong et al.,2004 : 2, 30, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Delias pasithoe ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Delias pasithoe nigrescens ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 10, figs.Pi-1,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me)
Delias pasithoe pasithoea ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 15. (N: Lai Chau)
Delias pasithoe thyra ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 15. (N / C)
Delias pasithoe nigrescens ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 15. (S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 10♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 4♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 8♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phayao : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Saraburi : 2♂ (photo by T.Aoyama and M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phong Saly : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Oudomxai : 2♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Luang Prabang : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodear).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Xiang Khouang : 2♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 5♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 2♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Savannakhet : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Cao Bang : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vinh Phuc : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Thua Thien Hue : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 6♂ 5♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kien Gieng (Phu Quoc) : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 250 - 1400m). Males are territorial on canopies at 9:00 to 10:30.
The markings on the upperside of both sexes are quite variable, and more subject to seasonal and individual variation than to geographic variation. The markings tend to decrease from east to west and north to south, suggesting that it is a large cline. All taxa described from the continental area, India to China, belong to this range of individual variation and cannot be clearly separated. These names were given to individuals of extreme variation. The different variations and intermediate individuals occur even in the same region.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Linnaeus, C.,1767 : Systema naturae. Editio duodecima, reformata.
Stockholm 1(2):533-1327 + [16] pp.

Drury, D.,[1773] : Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects.
2: vii + 90pp, 50pls. London.

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Fruhstorfer,1905 : Neue Rhopaloceren.
Ins. Borse 22:36.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1905 : Neue Pieriden.
Ent. Zeit. 19(14):75-76.

Talbot, G.,1928 : New forms of Delias (Lep. Pieridae)
Bull. Hill Mus. 2(1):38-44.

Talbot, G..1937 : A Monograph of the Genus Delias (6):261-656, 48 pls.
British Museum Natural History.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : The Linnaean Names of Indo-Australian Rhopalocera. Part 2.
Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond (B)10(2):17-27.

Dufrane, A.,1947 : Pieridae
Bull. Annls. Soc. ent. Belg. 83(1/2):46‑73.

Corbet, A.S.,1949 : The Linnaean Names of Indo-Australian Rhopalocera. Part 7. Summary of Determinations.
Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond (B)18(9-10):191-199.

Morishita, K.,1979 : Delias pasithoe and its allies
Chōchō (The Rhopalocerists' Magazine) 2(2):2-27. (in Japanese)

Yata, O., & Morishita, K.,1981 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands II, Pieridae, Danaidae.
Plapac co., Ltd. 628pp.(162 col. pls.) (in Japanese)

Yagishita, A., Nakano, S. & Morita, S.,1993 : An Illustrated List of the Genus Delias Hübner of the World.
409 pls, 384 pp, Khepera Publishers, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Chou, I., Zhang, Y.L. & Wang, Y.L.,2001 : New species new subspecies and new record of butterflies (Lepidoptera) from China, III
Entomotaxomonia 23(1):38-46.

Jakusch, J.,2003 : Eine neue Unterart von Delias pasithoe Linnaeus 1758 aus Guizhou/China (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)
Benchte des Kreises Nurnberger Entomologen 19:43-47.


Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂ Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♂
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀ Delias pasithoe pasithoe ♀
♀, Saraburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♀, Saraburi, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)

1996.10.31 - 2022.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.