Graphium mandarinus kimurai  Murayama, 1982

Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Up. Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Un. Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Up. Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Graphium glycerion kimurai Murayama, 1982
OD : New Ent. 31(4):69, fig.1(HT,♂Up & Un).
TL : Doi Inthanon, N.Thailand.
Distribution : C.Myanmar, N.Thailand, Laos.
● ssp.fangana
ssp.kimurai
Graphium mandarinus kimurai Map

Type Materials Information

Holotype ♂, 6.Dec.1976. Doi Inthanon, N.Thailand. (in coll. S.Murayama)
Paratypes :
2♂, 7.Apr.1978. Doi Inthanon, N.Thailand. (in coll. S.Murayama) ;
1♂, '10.Jul.1976. Thung Salengluang [Thung Salaeng Luang, Phitsanulok, Thailand]'. (in coll. S.Murayama)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Graphium glycerion glycerion ; Pinratana,1977 : 51, figs.P37,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon)
Pazala glycerion kimurai ; Katayama,1988 : 8, pl.1, fig.5,♂. (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon)
Graphium glycerion glycerion ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 32,44, pl.55, figs.43,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Pazala mandarinum kimurai ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 108, pl.26, figs.P51a♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 28-29. (N.Thailand)
Pazala mandarina kimurai ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 131, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Doi Inthanon)
Graphium mandarinum kimurai ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 108, pl.26, figs.P48a♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.10.08)
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ; Hu et al.,2018 : 433,446, fig.25.A♂. (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon)

[ LAOS ]
Graphium glycerion ssp. ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, not fig. (list only)
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 301-302. (Xaignabouri; Phou Bia)
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 28-29. (Xaignabouri; Phou Bia)
Graphium mandarinum kimurai ; Nakamura et al.,2010 : 22-23, figs.3a♂,♂(Un),3b♀,♀(Un). (Phou Samsoum)
Graphium mandarinum kimurai ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41, pl.1, figs.Pa-40,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phou Samsoum)
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ; Hu et al.,2018 : 433,446. (Xaysomboun; Nam Cha)
Graphium mandarinum kimurai ; Onodera,2022 : pl.46, figs.♂,♂(Un), text:9. (Xiengkhouang)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai (Chom Thong dist.) : 10♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (alt.1250m - 2600m). Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
One of the paratypes is recorded from 'Thung Salengluang [Thung Salaeng Luang, Phitsanulok prov.], N.Thailand' on 10.July.1976. I consider the data, both location and date, is most likely to be incorrect. Hitherto, this taxon has only been found in Chiang Mai and is unlikely to occur in July. Further research is needed.


Literature

Murayama, S.,1982 : Notes on some butterflies of North Thailand and China.
New Ent. 31(4):69-74.

Hu, S.J., Cotton, A.M., Condamine, F.L., Duan, K., Wang, R.J., Hsu, Y.F., Zhang, Z. & Cao, J.,2018 :
Revision of Pazala Moore,1888: The Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus (Oberthür,1879) Group, with Treatments of known Taxa and descriptions of New Species and New Subspecies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Zootaxa 4441(3):401-446.


Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂ Graphium mandarinus kimurai ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.06 - 2022.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.