Papilio arcturus arcturus  Westwood, 1842

Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Un. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀ Un.
♂, Xaignabouri, Laos. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Un. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀ Un.
♂, Chiag Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Up. Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio arcturus Westwood, 1842
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1)9:37.
TL : Himalaya.
Distribution : Nepal, Bhutan, India to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
Papilio arcturus arcturus Map

Synonyms

Papilio arcturus ab.privatus Rober, 1927 : 400. TL. Naga Hills. (♂, NHML)
Papilio arcturus dawna Tytler, 1939 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 41(2):237-238. TL. Dawna Taung ; Dawnas. (♂, NHML)


Type Materials Information

privatus ; ♂, Type HT (red), Oct.1924. Naga Hills. (NHML, examined)
dawna ; ♂, Type HT (red), 2.Jan.1926. Dawna. 5360 ft. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Godfrey,1930 : 215. (Hot Spring, Me Lamoung; Chiang Rai: Doi Chang)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Pinratana,1977 : 49, figs.P35,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 27,43, pl.48, fig.37,♂. (Chiang Mai)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Nishimura,1995 : 155-156, fig.4(map). (Nan: Doi Phu Kha; Chiang Mai: Doi Pa Hompok; Doi Chiang Dao; Doi Inthanon; Omkoi; Chiang Rai: Wiang Pa Pao; Lampang: Mae Mo)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 96, pl.20, figs.P40,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Phu Kha)
Papilio arcturus dawna ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 128, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Ankkaan; Doi Inthanon)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 96, pl.20, figs.P37,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Phu Kha)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2022.04.02)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio arcturus f.arcturus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 14. (Xien Khouang)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.18, figs.♂,♂(dsf,Un),♀. (Xam Neua)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 336-337. (Lak Sao)
Papilio arcturus dawna ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41, pl.1, figs.Pa-34,♀,♀(Un). (Phou Samaoun)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Shinkai,1999 : 57-58. (N: Mt.Pia Oac; Sapa; Tam Dao)
Papilio arcturus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Bach Ma)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 66-67, pl.19, figs.2a♂,2b♀. (N: Hoang Lien; Van Ban; Pia Oac; Tam Dao; Dong Phuoc / C: Vu Quang; Ngoc Linh)
Papilio arcturus arcturus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 13. (N / C to Gia Lai)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 18♂ 12♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 9♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xaignabouri : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Ha Giang : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (alt.530m - 2500m). Males form flight paths along streams or forest edges and frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water, and are territorial on hilltops.


Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1842 : Insectorum novorum Centuria, auctore Decadis quartae, ex ordine Lepidopterorum et genere Papilionis, Synopsis.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1)9:36-39.

Rober, J.,1927 : Neue exotische Falter.
Int. ent. Zeit. Guben 20(44):400-403.

Tytler, H.,1939 : Notes on some new and interesting butterflies chiefly from Burma. pt.1.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 41(2):235-252.


Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂
2♂ with paris, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Papilio arcturus arcturus ♂ Papilio arcturus arcturus ♀
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (laying egg), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1996.10.06 - 2022.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.