Papilio prexaspes pitmani  Elwes & Nicéville, [1887]

Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♀ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Phetchaburi, Thailand.
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♀ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un.
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton) ♂, Khon Kaen, Thailand. (photo by A.M.Cotton)
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Up. Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. (photo by K.Saito) ♂, Sekong, Laos.

ON : Papilio pitmanii Elwes & Nicéville, [1887]
OD : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.II 55(5):434-435, pl.20, fig.1,♂.
TL : Tavoy. (♂, NZC)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos.
● ssp.pitmani
ssp.intricatus
ssp.duboisi
ssp.andamanicus
ssp.prexaspes
Papilio prexaspes pitmani Map

Synonym

Papilio hipponous siamensis Godfrey, 1916 : J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2:110. TL. E.Siam. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

pitmani ; ♂, Type, Tavoy. (NZC) ; Sheela et al.,2019 : 274, figs.♂,♂(Un).
siamensis ; ♂, Type (red), Rh.10974, #149664, Feb.1914. Pak Jong, E.Siam. E.J.Godfrey. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio pitmani ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 230-231. (Muok-Lek)
Papilio hipponous pitmani ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 59. (Siam)
Papilio hipponous siamensis ; Godfrey,1916 : 110. (Pak Jong)
Papilio hipponous pitmani ; Godfrey,1916 : 110. (Phetchaburi River)
Papilio hipponous pitmani ; Godfrey,1930 : 213. (Pak Jong)
Papilio hipponous siamensis ; Godfrey,1930 : 213. (Phetchaburi River)
Papilio hipponous pitmani ; Pinratana,1977 : 38, figs.P27,♂,♂(Un). ('N.E. / N')
Papilio pitmani pitmani ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 24,43, pl.37, figs.29,♂,♀.(Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Papilio pitmani pitmani ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 90, pl.17, figs.P36a♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kaeng Krachan)
Papilio pitmani siamensis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 90, pl.18, figs.P36b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂(ab.),♂(Un,ab.). (Pa Daeng; Phetchaburi; Chanthaburi)
Papilio pitmanii pitmanii ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 127, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Hua Hin)
Papilio pitmanii siamensis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 127, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Khao Yai; Wan Nam Khiewo; Chanthaburi; Kao Soi Dao)
Papilio pitmani pitmani ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 90, pl.17, figs.P34a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kaeng Krachan)
Papilio pitmani siamensis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 90, pl.18, figs.P34b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♂(ab.),♂(ab.,Un). (Pa Daeng-Phetchaburi; Chanthaburi)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio hipponous pitmani ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 46, pl.7, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng; Phatong)
Papilio pitmani ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.12, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Thabok; Vang Vieng)
Papilio hipponous pitmani ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 350-351. (Thabok)
Papilio pitmani ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 41.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Khon Kaen : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 4♂ (photo by T.Aoyama and M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 9♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 10♂ 1♀ (incl. photo by T.Aoyama and M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 5♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sekong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low elevations (alt.200m - 350m). Males form flight paths along streams or forest edges, and frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water. This taxon is highly variable, and it is considered that all populations in continental Thailand are included in ssp.pitmani.


Literature

Elwes, H.J. & Nicéville, L. de.,[1887] :
List of the lepidopterous insects collected in Tavoy and in Siam during 1884 and 1885 by the Indian Museum collector, under C.E.Pitman, Esp.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt II 55(5):413-442.

Godfrey, E.J.,1916 ; The Butterflies of Siam.
J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2:106-147.

Hancock, D.L.,1992 : The Princeps fuscus complex (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Aust. ent. Mag. 19(1)May 1992:1-8.

Cotton, A.M. & Racheli, T.,2006 : Notes on some Papilionidae of LAOS and VIETNAM (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae)
Fragmenta entomologica, Roma, 38(1):145-154.

Cotton, A.M. & Racheli, T.,[2007] :
Preliminary Annotated Checklist of the Papilionidae of Laos with Notes on Taxonomy, Phenology, Distribution and Variation (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea).
Fragmenta Entomologica, Roma, 38(2): 279-378.


Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂ Papilio prexaspes pitmani ♂
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi) ♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)

1996.10.02 - 2022.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.