Papilionidae - Addendum

The following species were recorded from the Indo-Chinese region in previous publications, however were omitted from the list for the reasons written below.

Trogonoptera brookiana albescens (Rothschild, 1895)
Trogonoptera brookiana albescens ; Haugum & Low,1982 : 51. (Yala)
[Haugum & Low list the following specimens from Thailand:
2♂ (Yala, Thailand) in coll. Rijksmuseum, Leiden ; 2♂ (Thailand) in coll. Treadaway ;
2♂ ('Thailand'), and 2♂ (S. Thailand), 1♂ (Yala, Thailand) in the Haugum/Low reference collection.]
Trogonoptera brookiana albescens ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 60, pl.1, figs.P2,♂(Malaysia),♂(Malaysia,Un),♀(Malaysia),♀(Malaysia,Un). ('Yala' [loc.err.])
Trogonoptera brookiana albescens ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 110.
Trogonoptera brookiana albescens ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 60, pl.1, figs.P2,♂(Malaysia),♂(Malaysia,Un),♀(Malaysia),♀(Malaysia,Un). ('Yala' [loc.err.])
The records from Thailand are from Haugum & Low,1982, however the specimens were purchased from insect dealers and are extremely likely to be from erroneous localities. The specimens illustrated in Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 are also from W.Malaysia. It has not been found despite ongoing surveys in the southernmost part of Thailand, including the Malaysian border. Therefore, I remove it from the list until new reliable specimens are obtained in future.

Atrophaneura nox erebus (Wallace, 1865)
Atrophaneura varuna varuna ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.4, figs.P9a♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Atrophaneura nox erebus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 68, pl.5, figs.P10,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Surat Thani; Phetchaburi)
Atrophaneura nox erebus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 114. (by literature)
Atrophaneura nox erebus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 68, pl.5, figs.P9,♀,♂,♂(Un). (Surat Thani; Phetchaburi)
According to Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012, a single male is preserved in the Pinratana collection but the data is unreliable, and was not adopted by Bro.Pinratana himself. It is also reported that a female was obtained in Khao Pota, Surat Thani, however this is only hearsay and also unreliable. This species has not been found in Thailand until now. Therefore, I remove it from the list until reliable specimens are obtained in future.

Atrophaneura polla (Nicéville, 1897)
Atrophaneura polla ; D'Abrera,1982 : 34, 35,figs.♂,♀(Un). (? northern Thailand)
Atrophaneura polla ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 70, pl.6, figs.P10,♂(D'Abrera),♀(D'Abrera). ('Golden triangle; Chiang Rai; Salween River' [loc.err.])
Atrophaneura polla ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 70, pl.6, figs.P11,♂(D'Abrera),♀(D'Abrera). ('Golden triangle; Chiang Rai; Salween River' [loc.err.])
D'Abrera,1982 noted the distribution of this species as "Assam, upper Burma, ? northern Thailand, ? South-western China(Yunnan), ? northern Laos." and guessed as "It is quite likely that this species flies at moderately high elevations throughtou the "golden-triangle" area and at the headwaters of the Mekong and Salween River." Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 followed this, however, it has never been found anywhere near this area.

Papilio elephenor Doubleday, 1845 / Papilio dialis doddsi Janet, 1896
Papilio elephenor elephenor ; Godfrey,1930 : 214. (1♂ 1♀, Mar.1921. Doi Suthep.N.Siam, M.B.Tennent)
Papilio elephenor elephenor ; Pinratana,1977 : 46, not fig. (Doi Suthep by Godfrey,1930)
Papilio dialis schanus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 26, not fig. (list only)
Papilio elephenor ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 90, pl.17, fig.P34,♂(India). ('N' [loc.err.])
Papilio dialis schanus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 92, pl.18, fig.P37,♂(Laos). ('Doi Suthep' [loc.err.])
Papilio elephenor ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 127. (by literature)
Papilio elephenor ; Ek-Amnuay,2012: 90, pl.17, fig.P34,♂(India). ('N' [loc.err.])
Papilio dialis doddsi ; Ek-Amnuay,2012: 90, pl.18, fig.P35,♂(Laos). ('Doi Suthep' [loc.err.])
Godfrey,1930 recorded Papilio elephenor from Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai based on M.B.Tennent's collection. Pinratana & Eliot,1992 presumed it to be Papilio dialis, considering its distribution and morphology. I agree with this presumption, but it is clear that neither Papilio elephenor nor Papilio dialis are distributed in northern Thailand, including Doi Suthep. In Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012, it is erroneously stated that both Papilio elephenor and Papilio dialis were recorded from Thailand.
Furthermore, Godfrey,1930, recorded this species and also Stichophthalma camadeva camadevoides in Morphidae - Addendum from Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai by Tennent's collection. Curiously, however, neither S. camadeva nor this species were listed in Godfrey,1927, the report of Tennent's collection. I assume that these records are erroneous due to contamination of specimens from India or Myanmar.


D'Abrera, B.,1982 : Butterflies of the Oriental Region Part 1 Papilionidae, Pieridae & Danaidae
xxi + 244pp, Hill House, Australia.

Haugum, J. & Low, A.M.,1982 : A Monograph of the Birdwing Butterflies. Vol.2, part 1. Trogonoptera & Ripponia.
Scandinavian Science Press Ltd., Klampenborg, Denmark. [No E.J.Brill for this part]

2022.11.30 - 2023.04.08.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.