Rapala varuna orseis  Hewitson, [1863]

Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Up. Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Un. Rapala varuna orseis ♀ Up. Rapala varuna orseis ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Up. Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Un. Rapala varuna orseis ♀ Up. Rapala varuna orseis ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Up. Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Un. Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Up. Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Deudorix orseis Hewitson, [1863]
OD : Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae 1:23-24.
TL : Sumatra.
Distribution : Nepal, Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, Andamans,
Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, W.Malaysia, Singapore.
Rapala varuna orseis map

Synonym

Rapala varuna gebenia Fruhstorfer, 1914 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(4):173. TL. Assam.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Rapala varuna orseis ; Godfrey,1930 : 350. (Prae: Me Song forest; Pak Jong)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Godfrey,1932a : 274. (P)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Pinratana,1981 : 150, pl.28, figs.10,♂.11,♀,12,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Nakhon Ratchasima; Phitsanulok; Trad; Trang)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 40, fig.121,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak; Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 714, pl.327, figs.L419,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (Trat)
Rapala rhoecus rhoecus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.327, figs.L420,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.12.07)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 762, pl.350, figs.L440,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Trat)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 141, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Tha Ton; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Thung Saleng Luang; Wan Nam Khiewo; Hat Supin; Kam Puan; Ka Chong; Thaleben; Than To WF.)
Rapala varuna orseis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2022.12.07)
Rapala manea chozeba ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2022- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Yala) (accessed: 2022.12.07)

[ LAOS ]
Rapala varuna orseis ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 77, pl.108, fig.B12,♀(Un). (no loc.)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 219. pl.128, figs.♂,♀(Un). (Thateng; Lak Sao)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 56.

[ VIETNAM ]
Rapala varuna orseis ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 55, figs.5:18,♀,19,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Luong et al.,2004 : 12. (Cuc Phuong)
Rapala varuna ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 44. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy; Phong Dien)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 68, figs.L-146,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Rapala varuna orseis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 69. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 5♂ 5♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Tao; Koh Phangan) : 2♂ (incl.photo by P.Kosierb).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.20m - 1100m). Males are territorial on shrubs at hilltops.
Sheela et al.,2019 figured a female 'type' specimen of Deudorix orseis from S.Andamans, however, according to the original description, Hewitson described it based on a male from Sumatra. Thus, it is considered not to be a type specimen of orseis.


Literature

Hewitson, W.C.,1863-1878 : Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae.
London, van Vorst. x+229pp. and 14a-14h, Suppl. 1-47; pls. (108, numbered;)
1-85, 88-92, 3a,3b,3c, Suppl.I-VII, Ia, Ib, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, Va, Vb. In 8 parts.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1914 : Neue Lycaeniden.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(4):172-178.


Rapala varuna orseis ♂ Rapala varuna orseis ♀
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.21 - 2022.12.26.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.