Sinthusa chandrana grotei  (Moore, [1884])

Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♂ Up. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♂ Un. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Up. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♂ Up. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♂ Un. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Up. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Up. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Un. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Up. Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Un.
♀, Lak Sao, Laos. ♀ (sutthai), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Hypolycaena grotei Moore, [1884]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(4):527, pl.49, fig.5.
TL : N.E.Bengal.
Distribution : Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos.
● ssp.grotei
ssp.sophonisbe
ssp.margala
Sinthusa chandrana grotei map

Synonyms

Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀v.albidus Evans, 1925 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 30(4):774. TL. Sikkim-Burma. (♀)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀v.rubidus Evans, 1925 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 30(4):774. TL. Sikkim-Burma. (♀)
Sinthusa chandrana sutthai Ek-Amnuay, [2007] : Butts. Thailand : 708, pl.324, fig.L403b♀,♀(Un). TL. Doi Pha Hom Pok, Thailand. (♀) (unavailable name)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; Pinratana,1981 : 146, pl.26, figs.13,♂,14,♀,15,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 708, pl.324, figs.L403a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Doi Phu Kha)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 754, pl.346, figs.L426,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Doi Phu Kha)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 135, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Doi Musso)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2022.10.15)

[ LAOS ]
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 219. pl.127, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀. (Lak Sao; Ban Ban; Xam Neua)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ; Onodera,2009b : 37. (Houaphan: Phu Phan)
Sinthusa chandrana grotei f.sutthai ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 56, pl.24, figs.Ly-266,♀,♀(Un). (Phou Pan)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ 1♀ (photo & photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xieng Khouang : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 2♂ 2♀ (incl.photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at low to high elevations (Alt.400m - 1600m) and is frequently found at forest edges.
Some examples from Laos show transition to ssp.margala. The relationship between the two subspecies is still not clear. Further taxonomic study is needed.
The markings of females are rather variable. Ek-Amnuay,[2007] described taxon sutthai from N.Thailand, however this name is unavailable and it is considered to be an extreme dry season form.


Literature

Moore, F.,[1884] : Descriptions of new Asiatic Diurnal Lepidoptera.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(4):521-535, pls.48-49.

Evans, W.H.,1925 : The Identification of Indian Butterflies. Part VIII.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 30(4):756-776, 1 pl.


Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀ Sinthusa chandrana grotei ♀
♀, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.21 - 2022.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.