Artipe eryx eryx  (Linnaeus, 1771)

Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Un. Artipe eryx eryx ♀ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Un. Artipe eryx eryx ♀ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♀ Un.
♂ (yellow form), Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano) ♀ (yellow form), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Un. Artipe eryx eryx ♀ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♀ Un.
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Un. Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Up. Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Un.
♂ (yellow form), Ranong, Thailand. (photo by K.Saito) ♂ (var.), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Up.
ordinary ♂(left) and (var.)♂(right) by flash light

ON : Papilio eryx Linnaeus, 1771
OD : Mant. Plant. (2nd. ed.) :537.
TL : 'China' [India].
Distribution : Nepal, India, Sikkim to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China.
Artipe eryx eryx map

Synonyms

Papilio amyntor Herbst, 1804 : in Jablonsky, Natursyst. Ins., Schmett. 11:27, pl.300, figs.5,6. (homonym)
Lehere skinneri Wood-Mason & Nicéville, [1887] : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 55(4):369, pl.15, fig.3,♀. TL. Irangmara, Cachar. (♀, NZC)


Type Material Information

skinneri  ; Type ♀, 21.Jul.1881. Irongmarah, Cachar. (NZC) ; Sheela et al.,2019 : 94, figs.♀,♀(Un).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
'Artipe eryx ; Godfrey,1932a : 274. (Trang: Ko Libong)'
'Artipe eryx ; Godfrey,1932b : 330. (Trang: Ko Libong)'
Artipe eryx eryx ; Pinratana,1981 : 144, pl.25, figs.15,♂,16,♀,17,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 259, fig.164,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 56. (Mukdahan: Phu Hin Khan; Ubon Ratchathani: Don Far Huan)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 704, pl.322, figs.395,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 750, pl.344, figs.L417,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 132, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Wan Nam Khiewo; Phu Pha Taep; Don Far Huan)
Artipe eryx eryx ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Ratchasima; Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2022.10.07)

[ LAOS ]
Artipe eryx eryx ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 219. pl.127, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Lak Sao)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 55.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Atripe eryx eryx ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 130. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Deudorix eryx ; Lemee,1950 : 21. (Hagiang)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 68, fig.L-135,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Artipe eryx eryx ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 68. (by literature)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 5♀ (incl.photo and photo by T.Laola).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nong Khai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 4♂ 1♀ (photo by K.Yano, T.Aoyama & S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxai : 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in semi-dried forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 400 - 1300m) and is frequently found at hilltops. Males are territorial on trees.
Some individuals have yellowish ground color on the underside and are generally uncommon. However this form occurs frequently in Sa Kaeo prov., E.Thailand.
A male specimen from Chiang Mai shown above as (var.) is rather strange. Generally, the upperside of both wings have strong luster, but this specimen lacks it.
The Malaysian subspecies excellens is likely to be found in P.Thailand, especially in Yala. The record of Godfrey,1932a,1932b from Koh Libong, Trang might be the Malaysian subspecies. However I was unable to examine a specimen, therefore I provisionally treat it as the nominotypical subspecies. Examples in peninsular Thailand need to be confirmed by specimens.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1771 : Mantissa Plantarum altera Generum editionis Vi & Specierum editionis II
Mantissa Plant. 2: -,[iv], 142-510 + Regni Animalis Appendix 511-552.

Herbst, J.F.W.,1804 : In Jablonsky, Natursystem aller bekannten in- und auslandischen Insecten; Schmetterlinge. 11.
Berlin, Pauli. 391 pp, 30 pls.

Wood-Mason, J. & Nicéville, L.de,[1887] :
List of the lepidopterous insects collected in Cachar by Mr.J.Wood-Mason. Part II. Rhopalocera.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 55(4):343-393, 4 pls.

Eliot, J.N. in Corbet & Pendlebury,1992 : The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. (4th edn)
1-595, pl.1-69., Malayan Nature Society.


Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Artipe eryx eryx ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Artipe eryx eryx ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Artipe eryx eryx ♀
♂ (yellow form), Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♀ (yellow form), Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Artipe eryx eryx ♀
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Artipe eryx eryx ♂ Artipe eryx eryx ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.21 - 2022.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.