Spindasis maximus  (Elwes,[1893])

Spindasis maximus ♂ Up. Spindasis maximus ♂ Un. Spindasis maximus ♀ Up. Spindasis maximus ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Up. Spindasis maximus ♂ Un. Spindasis maximus ♀ Up. Spindasis maximus ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Up. Spindasis maximus ♂ Un. Spindasis maximus ♀ Up. Spindasis maximus ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Up. Spindasis maximus ♂ Un. Spindasis maximus ♂ genitalia Spindasis maximus ♂ genitalia
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ genitalia, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Aphnaeus vulcans var.maximus Elwes,[1893]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1892(4):637-638, pl.43, fig.5,♀.
TL : Karen Hills.
Distribution : Myanmar (Shan States to Dawna), Thailand, Laos.
Spindasis maximus map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Spindasis maximus ; Godfrey,1927 : 126. (N)
Spindasis maximus ; Godfrey,1930 : 341. (Chiang Mai)
Spindasis maximus ; Pinratana,1981 : 111, pl.20, figs.2,♀,3,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chiyaphum; Nakhon Nayok; Tak)
Spindasis maximus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 66, fig.88,♂. (Umphang)
Spindasis maximus ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 47, fig.68,♂. (Nan: Mae Charim; Ban Nam Poon)
Spindasis maximus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 594, pl.268, figs.L171,♂,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Cigaritis maximus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 622, pl.281, figs.L196,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Spindasis maximus ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 146, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Tha Ton; Phu Khiewo; Nakohn Nayok; Pha Who)
Cigaritis maximus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.10.04)

[ LAOS ]
Spindasis maximus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 75, pl.106, fig.B3,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang)
Spindasis maximus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 218, pl.122, figs.♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Xam Neua; Thabok)
Spindasis maximus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 53.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 7♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 12♂ 13♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂ (incl.photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in dry forest at low to high elevations (Alt.400m - 1700m). Male makes a territory inside of the forests and around forest edge at 2:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. The size of orange patch on the UpF is rather variable.


Literature

Elwes, H.J.,[1893] : On butterflies collected by Mr. W.Doherty in the Naga and Karen Hills and Perak, Part.2.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1892(4):617-664, pls.43,44.

Balint, Zs., A.Heath, G.Katona, K.Kertesz & Sz.Safian,2017 : Male secondary sexual characters in Aphnaeinae wings (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
Opusc. Zool. Budapest 48(1):27-34.


Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♂
♂, Tak, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♂
♂ vs ♂ (territorial fights), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Spindasis maximus ♂ Spindasis maximus ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.18 - 2021.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.