Tarucus waterstradti dharta  Bethune-Baker, [1918]

Tarucus waterstradti dharta ♀ Up. Tarucus waterstradti dharta ♀ Un.
♀, 1986.03.13. Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Tarucus dharta Bethune-Baker, [1918]
OD : Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 65(2-4):291-292, pl.14, fig.15,♂,
pl.17, fig.14(♂,genitalia).
TL : Darjeeling, Sikkim. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Nepal, Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, N.Thailand.
● ssp.dharta
ssp.vileja
Tarucus waterstradti dharta map

Type Materials Information

Lectotype ♂, 'Sikkim' [Darjeeling]. designated by K.Kunte & B.Huertas (NHML) ; Paralectotype ♀, Darjeeling, India. designated by K.Kunte & B.Huertas (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Tarucus waterstradti dharta ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 556, pl.252, figs.L65,♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep)
Tarucus waterstradti dharta ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 572, pl.259, figs.L89,♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep)
Tarucus waterstradti dharta ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 180. (by literature)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 4♂ 5♀ (incl.photo by D.Sargeant).
Chiang Mai Dist., 1986.03.13. 1♀ Y.Inayoshi (YI)
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

Only one record of the species was known from Thailand (1♀, 13.Mar.1986, Chiang Mai Dist., Y.Inayoshi) for 36 years. It was rediscovered by Mr. Dave Sargeant in 2022 and Y.Inayoshi found early stages in 2023 in several districts of Chiang Mai province. The butterfly is uncommon in montane forest at moderate elevations (Alt. 700 - 1200m). The larval host plant is Ziziphus sp., and both larvae and pupae are similar to Tarucus ananda. Myrmecophilous associations were observed with Crematogaster sp. ants at both larval and pupal stages. Pupae were found near and inside of ant nests. Further taxonomic and distributional studies are needed.


Literature

Bethune-Baker, G.T.,[1918] : A revision of the genus Tarucus.
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 65(2-4):269-296, 7 pls.

Takanami, Y.,1991 : Butterflies of Borneo. Vol.2, No.1. Lycaenidae.
Tobishima Corporation.

Basu, D.N., Churi, P., Soman, A., Senguptra, A., Bhakare, M., Lokhande, S., Bhoite, S., Huertas, B. & Kunte, K.,2019 :
The genus Tarucus Moore, [1881] (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in the Indian subcontinent
Trop. lepid. res. 29(2):87-110.


Tarucus waterstradti dharta ♀ Tarucus waterstradti dharta ♂+♀
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂+♀ (mating), Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by D.Sargeant)
Tarucus waterstradti dharta pupa Tarucus waterstradti dharta pupa
Pupa, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Tarucus waterstradti dharta Pupae in an ant's nest Tarucus waterstradti dharta larva
Pupae in an ant's nest, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Larva with ants, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Tarucus waterstradti dharta ♂ Tarucus waterstradti dharta ♀
♂ (Ex. Pupa), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (Ex. Pupa), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.06.24 - 2023.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.