Euthalia monilis monilis  (Moore, [1897])

Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un. Euthalia monilis ♀ Up. Euthalia monilis ♀ Un.
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un. Euthalia monilis ♀ Up. Euthalia monilis ♀ Un.
♂, Bolikhamxai, Laos. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Vientiane, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)
Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un. Euthalia monilis ♀ Up. Euthalia monilis ♀ Un.
♂, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand. ♀, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un. Euthalia monilis ♀ Up. Euthalia monilis ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un. Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un.
♂, Chaiyaphum, Thailand. ♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un. Euthalia monilis ♂ Up. Euthalia monilis ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Satun, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia
♂ genitalia. Bolikhamxai, Laos. ♂ genitalia. Chaiyaphum, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis ♂ genitalia
♂ genitalia. Ranong, Thailand. ♂ genitalia. Yala, Thailand.

ON : Bassarona monilis Moore, [1897]
OD : Lep. Ind. 3(27):64, pl.212, fig.2,♂,2a♂(Un).
TL : Siam.
Distribution : Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Langkawi,
W.Malaysia.

● ssp.monilis
ssp.consonensis
Euthalia monilis map

Synonym

Euthalia recta cosana Fruhstorfer, 1913 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:682. TL. Perak, Malaysia. (♂, ZMHU)


Type Material Information

cosana : Lectotype ♂, Perak. designated by T.Yokochi,1997 (ZMHU) ; Yokochi,1999 : 178, fig.31(LT,♂).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euthalia recta monilis ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 682. (Muok Lek)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Godfrey,1916 : 131. (Chonburi: Sriracha; Koh Phai)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Godfrey,1930 : 295. ("Prae: Me Song forest"; Muak Lek; Chonburi: Sriracha)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Pinratana,1979 : 80, figs.N141,♂,♀. (Chaiyaphum; Nakhon Nayok; Phetchaburi; Yala)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 82, pl.58, figs.♂,♀. (Chaiyaphum; Nakhon Nayok; Kanchanaburi; Phetchaburi; Satun: Tarutao Is; Yala)
Bassarona recta monilis ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 255, fig.108,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu)
Bassarona recta monilis ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 29. (Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing)
Bassarona recta monilis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 456, pl.202, figs.N165,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Phu Khieo)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 468, pl.207, figs.N331,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Phu Khieo)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Euthalia monilis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Sa Kaeo; Phetchaburi) (accessed: 2022.01.21)
Bassarona recta monilis ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 113, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Sarika; Nakohn Nayok; Sai York Noi; Nam Tok Kangchanaburi; Erawan WF; Than To WF.)

[ LAOS ]
Euthalia recta f.recta ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 43. (Luang-Prabang; Ban-Samoui)
Bassarona recta recta ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 60, pl.70, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (no data)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.68, figs.♂,♀. (Vientiane; Thakhek)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 43. (Thakhek)
Euthalia recta monilis ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.

[ VIETNAM ]
Euthalia recta recta ; Metaye,1958b : 174. (Dong Nai: Ben Nom)
Bassarona recta recta ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 32, figs.N-96,♂,♀. (Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Bassarona recta monilis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 41. (C / S)
Bassarona recta monilis ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):145-146, pl.78, figs.2a♂,2b♀. (C: Phong Nha-Ke Bang; Da Teh; Yok Don; Bu Gia Map / S: Cat Tien; Nui Ba Den; La Nga) (in part)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Lampang : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 3♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Prachuap Khiri Khan : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.10m - 900m) and frequently comes to rotten fruits that have fallen to the ground.
Hitherto, this species is found allopatric with Euthalia recta. The dorsal projection in the middle of uncus tends to reduce in size from north to south.

The difference between recta and monilis. (♂ genitalia)
Euthalia recta recta ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis monilis ♂ genitalia Euthalia recta recta ♂ genitalia Euthalia monilis monilis ♂ genitalia
Euthalia recta Euthalia monilis Euthalia recta Euthalia monilis


Literature

Moore, F.,1890-1913 : Lepidoptera Indica.
London, L.Reeve and Co. 10 volumes in 123 parts.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
681-688. (25.Jan.1913)

Yokochi, T.,1999 : Type series of the tribe Euthalini (Rhopalocera, Nymphalidae) in Zoologisches Museum, Humboldt Universitat (ZMHU), Berlin,
with designation of lectotypes and some notes
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 50(3):173-192.


Euthalia monilis ♂ Euthalia monilis ♀
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.
Euthalia monilis ♂ Euthalia monilis ♀
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.

2007.02.20 - 2022.02.28.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.