Euthalia franciae  (Gray, 1846)

Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Un. Euthalia franciae ♀ Up. Euthalia franciae ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Rai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Un. Euthalia franciae ♀ Up. Euthalia franciae ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Un. Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Up. Euthalia franciae ♂ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Aconthea franciae Gray, 1846
OD : Descr. lep. Ins. Nepal:12-13, pl.14, figs.1,2(Un).
TL : Nepal.
Distribution : Nepal, Sikkim Bhutan, Khasia Hills, Naga Hills,
Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Tibet, Yunnan.
Euthalia franciae map

Synonyms

Adolias raja Felder & Felder, 1859 : Wien. ent. Monats. 3:397-398, pl.9, fig.2,♀. TL. Assam. (♀)
Euthalia franciae attenuata Tytler, 1911 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(1):59. TL. Naga Hills. (♂, NHML)
Euthalia franciae raja f.galara Fruhstorfer, 1913 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:679. TL. Upper Burma. (♂, MNHN)
Euthalia japroa Tytler, 1915 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23(3):507, pl.3, fig.22,♂. TL. Phesima, Naga Hills. (♂, NHML)


Type Materials Information

attenuata : Syntype ♂, "Paratype", 12.10.09. Jakama Naga Hills., #229261, #807863 (NHML) : Yokochi,2010 : 23, pl.3, figs.16a♂,16b♂(Un).
galara : Syntype ♂. (MNHN) : Yokochi,2010 : 25, pl.8, figs.38a♂,38b♂(Un).
japroa : Holotype ♂, 22.9.13. Phesima Naga Hills., #229257, #807854 (NHML) : Yokochi,2010 : 26, pl.11, figs.49a♂,49b♂(Un).


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euthalia franciae raja ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 75. (Chiang Mai: "Doi Pui")
Euthalia franciae raja ; Pinratana,1979 : 79, figs.N139,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Euthalia franciae attenuata ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 80, pl.55, fig.150,♂. (Chiang Mai)
Bassarona franciae attenuata ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 446, pl.197, figs.N197,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂]. (Doi Phu Kha; Wiang Pa Pao)
Euthalia franciae raja ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 458, pl.202, figs.N323,♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (Doi Phu Kha; Wiang Pa Pao)
Euthalia franciae ; Yokochi,2012 : 29-30, pl.86, figs.534a♂,534b♂(Un) (Wiang Pa Pao,Chiang Rai). (N / W)
Euthalia franciae raja ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.12.25)
Euthalia franciae ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 109, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Inthanon)

[ LAOS ]
Euthalia franciae ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 231. (Laos)
Bassarona franciae attenuata ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 60, not fig. (list only)
Euthalia franciae ; Masui & Uehara,1994 : 5, fig.18,♂. (Xiang Khouang)
Euthalia franciae raja ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.66, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Phong Saly)
Euthalia franciae ; Masui & Uehara,2004 : 24, fig.1a♂,1b♀. (Xam Neua; Phong Sali)
Euthalia franciae raja ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.
Euthalia franciae ; Yokochi,2012 : 29-30. (N)

[ VIETNAM ]
Euthalia franciae ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 231. (Tonkin)
Euthalia franciae raja ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 24, figs.N-131,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Gung Re)
Euthalia franciae ; Yokochi,2012 : 29-30, pl.86, figs.535a♂,535b♂(Un)(Dong Van,Ha Giang),536a♂,536b♂(Un)(near Di Linh,Lam Dong) ; pl.87, figs.540a♀,540b♀(Un)(near Di Linh,Lam Dong). (Vietnam)
Euthalia franciae ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 41. (N: Lao Cai / C: to Kon Tum; Lam Dong)
Euthalia franciae ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):141-142, pl.74, figs.2a♂,2b♂(Un). (N: Hoang Lien; Van Ban / C: Ngoc Linh; Lam Dong)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 12♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at high elevations (Alt.1500m - 1800m) and frequently comes to rotten fruits that have fallen to the ground. It has seasonal variations; with smaller size and wider discal bands in the dry season, larger size and thinner discal bands in the rainy season. The record of Doi Pui in Davidson & Macbeth,1938 is likely to be an erroneous locality.


Literature

Gray, G.R.,1846 : Descriptions and Figures of some new Lepidopterous Insects, chiefly from Nepal
London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. 1-16, pls.1-14.

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1859 : Lepidopterologische Fragmente. IV.
Wien. ent. Monats. 3(12):390-405, Pls.7-9.

Tytler, H.,1911 : Notes on butterflies from the Naga Hills.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(1):48-65, pl.A.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
665-680. (13.Jan.1913)

Tytler, H.,1915 : Notes on Some New and Interesting Butterflies from Minipur and the Naga Hills. Part.II.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23(3):502-515.

Yokochi, T.,2010 : Revision of the Subgenus Limbusa Moore,[1897] (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Adoliadini)
Part 1. Systematic arranement and taxonomic list.
Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist. Hum. Hist. ser.A, 8:19-67.

Yokochi, T.,2012 : Revision of the Subgenus Limbusa Moore,[1897] (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Adoliadini)
Part 3. Descriptions of species (2)
Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist. Hum. Hist., ser.A, 10:9-100.


Euthalia franciae ♂ Euthalia franciae ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia franciae ♂ Euthalia franciae ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia franciae ♂ Euthalia franciae ♂
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2007.02.20 - 2022.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.