Cynitia lepidea cognata  Moore, [1897]

Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Un. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un.
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Un. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un.
♂, Siem Reap, Cambodia. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Trat, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Un. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un.
♂, Sekong, Laos. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Sekong, Laos. (photo by K.Saito)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un.
♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Trat, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Un.
♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Dak Nong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Cynitia cognata Moore, [1897]
OD : Lep. Ind. 3:98, pl.226, figs.1,♀,1a♀(Un).
TL : Siam. (♀, NHML)
Distribution : C. to E.Thailand, C. to S.Laos,
Camdodia, C. & S.Vietnam.
● ssp.sthavara
ssp.cognata
ssp.flaminia
Cynitia lepidea cognata map

Type Material Information

♀, Holotype, Siam. (NHML, photo examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euthalia lepidea cognata ; Godfrey,1916 : 130. (Chonburi: Hup Bon; Sriracha)
Euthalia lepidea cognata ; Godfrey,1930 : 289. (Muak Lek / Chonburi: Sriracha)
Euthalia lepidea cognata ; Pinratana,1979 : 69, not fig. (Chanthaburi; Nakhon Nayok) (in part)
Tanaecia lepidea sthavara ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 71. (Nakhon Ratchasima; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi) (in part)
Tanaecia lepidea cognata ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 71, pl.46, fig.129b♀. (no loc.)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 255, fig.105,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu; Phu Pha Thaep; Phu Huay Sing; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 29. (Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Na Pho Krang; Phu Chong Na Yoi; Kaeng Tana; Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Kaeng E-Keow; Phu Hin Dang; Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Nam Tok Tad Ton; Nam Tok Kham Cha I; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum)
Cynitia lepidea cognate [sic] ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 51. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Hin Khan; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaen Tana; Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Tanaecia lepidea cognata ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 424, pl.186, figs.N134b♂,♂(Un). (no loc.)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 434, pl.190, figs.N300b♂,♂(Un),♀(Un). (Trat)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Sa Kaeo; Chanthaburi) (accessed: 2021.05.08)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 99-100, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kao Yai; Sarika; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Pliewn WF; Kratching WF; Kao Khiewo)

[ LAOS ]
Tanaecia lepidea lepidea ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 59. (Pakse) (in part)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.62, figs.♀. (Thateng) (in part)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 43. (Namdhua)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Onodera,2009b : 41. (Khammouan: Nacay)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Suwa et al.,2013 : 18. (Thabok; Lak Xao; Nahin; Xebangfay; Thakhek; Phonsy)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Onodera,2022 : pl.122, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un), text:42. (Khammouan; Bolikhamxai)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Euthalia lepidea cognata ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 657. ('Angkor, Siam')
Euthalia cognata ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 231. (Cambodge)
Tanaecia lepidea cognata ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♂. (Botum Sakor NP.)
Cynitia lepidea ; Onodera,2007 : 29, fig.65,♂. (Siem Reap: Angkor)
Tanaecia lepidea ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 118. (Koh Kong; Pursat; Preah Sihanouk; Preah Vihear; Siem Reap; Stueng Treng)

[ VIETNAM ]
Euthalia lepidea flaminia ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 657. (S.Annam) (in part)
Euthalia mirdita ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 231. (Annam) (in part)
Euthalia lepidea f.mirdita ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 42. (S.Annam) (in part)
Euthalia lepidea ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Tanaecia lepidea ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Cynitia lepidea matala ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 26, figs.N-82,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Cynitia lepidea matala ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 39. (C / S) (in part)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):105-106, pl.59, figs.2a♂,2b♀. (C: Ba To; Kon Ka Kinh; Yok Don; Da Teh; Loc Bac; Bao Lam / S: Cat Tien; Lo Go Sa Mat; Nghia Trung; Binh Chau)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Saraburi : 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 3♀ (incl.photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 3♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Sekong : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ CAMBODIA ]
Siem Reap : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Gia Lai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Da Nang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Dak Nong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 11♂ 7♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kien Giang (Phu Quoc) : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 650m) and males are territorial on shrubs or undergrowth.
The white spots on the UpF of females are rather variable.
The distribution of the subspecies in Laos is still unclear due to the small number of specimens examined. Plots on the distribution map are tentative. Further taxonomic and distributional research are needed.


Literature

Moore, F.,1890-1913 : Lepidoptera Indica.
London, L.Reeve and Co. 10 volumes in 123 parts.


Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♀, Saraburi, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ♂ Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama) ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀ Cynitia lepidea cognata ♀
♀, Saraburi, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi) ♀ (laying egg), Nakhon Nayok, Thailand.

2007.01.31 - 2023.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.