Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia  (Cramer, 1779)

Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Up. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Un. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♀ Up. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♀ Un.
♂, Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Up. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Un.
♂, 1993.06.26. Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio sulpitia Cramer, 1779
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 3(18):37, pl.214, figs.E,F.
TL : China.
Distribution : Myanmar, N.Thailand (Nan), Laos,
Vietnam, China, Hainan, Hong Kong.
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia Map

Synonyms

Nymphalis strophia Godart, [1824] : in Ency. meth. 9(Ins.)(2):431. TL. China.
Athyma sulpitia var.ningpoana Felder & Felder, 1862 : Wien. ent. Monats. 6(1):26. TL. Ningpo.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Saito & Inayoshi,2018 : 31, figs.36,♂,♂(Un). (Nan)

[ LAOS ]
Pantoporia sulpitia sulpitia ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 637. (Luang Prabang)
Pantoporia sulpitia f.sulpitia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 41. (Xieng-Khouang; Ban-Soui)
Abrota sulpitia sulpitia ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 59, not fig. (list only)
Limenitis sulpitia ssp. ; Masui & Uehara,1994 : 5, figs.19,♂,♂(Un),20♀,♀(Un). (Xiang Khouang)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.60, figs.♂,♂(Un.),♀. (Nong Het; Xiang Khouang)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 45.

[ VIETNAM ]
Pantoporia sulpitia sulpitia ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 637. (Tonkin: Than Moi; Manson Mts.)
Pantoporia sulpitia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 230. (Tonkin)
Pantoporia sulpitia f.sulpitia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 41. (Tonkin)
Pantoporia sulpitia ; Lemee,1950 : 14. (Hagiang)
Pantoporia sulpitia sulpitia ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (N)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N: Bac Can; Lang Son; Ha Giang)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):37, pl.38, figs.4a♂,4b♂(Un). (N: Hoang Lien; Ba Be; Dong Van; Mount Mau Son)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nan : Pua dist. 1993.06.26. 1♂, LC (YI).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations in Laos and Vietnam. However, It is rare in Thailand and the specimen from Nan Province shown above is the first and only known specimen until now.


Literature

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Godart, J.B.,[1824] : in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopedie methodique.
Histoire naturelle des insectes. 9(2):329-828.

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1862 : Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae
Wien. ent. Monats. 6(1):22-32, (2):33-40.

Lang, S.Y.,2012 : The Nymphalidae of China (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) Part 1
Libytheinae, Danainae, Calinaginae, Morphinae, Heliconiinae, Nymphalinae, Charaxinae, Apaturinae, Cyrestinae, Biblidinae, Limenitinae
456 pp, 32 col. + 41 black&white pls. Tshikolovets Publications, Pardubice.

Wu, L.W., Chiba, H., Lees, D.C., Ohsima, Y. & Jeng, M.L.,2019 : Unravelling relationships among the shared stripes of sailors:
Mitogenomic phylogeny of Limenitidini butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae,Limenitidinae), focusing on the genera Athyma and Limenitis
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 130(2019):60-66.


2007.01.20 - 2022.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.